Dr Victoria Leong

Victoria Leong

University position

Affiliated Lecturer (CAM) / AProf Psychology (NTU)


Department of Psychology


Department of Psychology



Home page


Research Themes

Cognitive and Behavioural Neuroscience

Developmental Neuroscience


I am a developmental cognitive neuroscientist who is interested in the interpersonal neural dynamics of mother-infant interactions. Right now, I am studying the phenomenon of oscillatory coupling or synchronisation between mother and infant brains using dual-EEG (hyperscanning). Significant mother-infant neural synchronisation can be observed during the course of normal social interactions, and the degree of synchronisation appears to be modulated by social cues like eye contact. I am trying to determine whether brain-to-brain (b2b) synchronisation is merely a sensory epiphenomenon, or whether it is a potential neural mechanism for joint attention, which helps babies to learn from significant social partners.

Research Focus


neural synchronisation

joint attention




Clinical conditions

No direct clinical relevance


Behavioural analysis

Computational modelling

Electroencephalography (EEG)

Neuropsychological testing


No collaborators listed

Associated News Items



Leong V, Goswami U (2014), “Assessment of rhythmic entrainment at multiple timescales in dyslexia: Evidence for disruption to syllable timing.” Hear Res 308:141-61 Details

Leong V, Goswami U (2014), “Impaired extraction of speech rhythm from temporal modulation patterns in speech in developmental dyslexia.” Front Hum Neurosci 8:96 Details

in press

Leong V, Kalashnikova M, Burnham D, Goswami U (in press), “Infant-directed speech enhances temporal rhythmic structure in the envelope” Interspeech


Leong V, Stone MA, Turner RE, Goswami U (2014), “A role for amplitude modulation phase relationships in speech rhythm perception.” J Acoust Soc Am 136(1):366 Details


Goswami U, Mead N, Fosker T, Huss M, Barnes L, & Leong V (2013), “Impaired perception of syllable stress in children with dyslexia: A longitudinal study” Journal of Memory & Language 69:1-17

Goswami U. & Leong V (2013), “Speech rhythm and temporal structure: Converging perspectives?” Laboratory Phonology 4:67-92

Soltész F, Szűcs D, Leong V, White S, Goswami U (2013), “Differential entrainment of neuroelectric delta oscillations in developmental dyslexia.” PLoS One 8(10):e76608 Details

Thomson J, Leong V, Goswami U (2013), “Auditory processing interventions and developmental dyslexia: a comparison of phonemic and rhythmic approaches” Reading and Writing 26:139-161


Leong V, Hamalainen J, Soltesz F, Goswami U (2011), “Rise time perception and detection of syllable stress in adults with developmental dyslexia.” Journal of Memory and Language 64: 59–73


Ang RP, Neubronner M, Oh S & Leong V (2006), “Dimensionality of Rosenberg’s self-esteem scale among normal-technical stream students in Singapore” Current Psychology, 25(2):120-131