Dr Philip Barnard


My programme of work focuses mainly on Executive Control and Emotional Meanings in Cognitive and Neural systems. Current work is organised under four project headings:

[a] Core Theoretical work on Interacting Cognitive Subsystems - a macro-theory of mental architecture. Modelling addresses issues in attention, memory and psychopathology as well as the evolution and processing of meaning.

[b] Schematic models (of self, others and world) and executive mode (how they are processed) covers experiments on memory and attention in both healthy participants and those with psychopathology (including anxiety, depression, mania and schizophrenia).

[c] Brain networks underlying affective representations and executive control in healthy participants, patients with frontal lesions and dementia. This project is collecting data from patient groups.

[d] Use of mental resources, particularly imagery, in creative activities.

(e) The Evolution of Mental Architectures

A prosed technical mechanism for the evolution of mental and neural architecture. From Barnard, Duke, Byrne & Davidson (2007). Cognition & Emotion, Differentiation in cognitive and emotional meanings: an evolutionary analysis. A single subsystem (top left) evolves into two interacting subsystems (bottom right).
A proposed technical mechanism for the evolution of mental and neural architecture. From Barnard, Duke, Byrne & Davidson (2007). Differentiation in cognitive and emotional meanings: an evolutionary analysis, Cognition & Emotion, in press. A single subsystem (top left) evolves into two interacting subsystems (bottom right).
Click image to view full-size

Research Focus







Clinical conditions

Alzheimer's disease

Anxiety disorders

Bipolar disorder


Depressive disorders

Eating disorders


Behavioural analysis

Computational modelling

Electroencephalography (EEG)

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

Neuropsychological testing



Tim Dalgleish

United Kingdom

Howard Bowman Web: http://www.cs.kent.ac.uk/project...

Richard Byrne Web: http://psy.st-and.ac.uk/people/...

Duke David Web: http://www.comp.leeds.ac.uk/djd/

Andrew Lawrence Web: http://www.cf.ac.uk/psych/

Rebecca Park Web: http://www.psychiatry.ox.ac.uk/about/s...


Iain Davidson Web: http://www-personal.une.edu.au/~idavidso/

Associated News Items

Key publications

Barnard P Davidson I Byrne RW (2016), “Toward a richer theoretical scaffolding for interpreting archaeological evidence concerning cognitive evolution” Cognitive Models in Palaeolithic Archaeology T Wynn & F Coolidge (ed) Oxford University Press

Philip J Barnard (2012), “What do we mean by the meanings of music? ” Empirical Musicology Reviews 7(1-2)69-80

Barnard P (2010), “From Executive Mechanisms Underlying Perception and Action to the Parallel Processing of Meaning” Current Anthropology 51:S1, S39-S54

Barnard, PJ, Duke, DJ, Byrne, RW & Davidson, I (2007), “Differentiation in cognitive and emotional meanings: an evolutionary analysis” Cognition and Emotion 21(6) 1155-1183

Barnard P (2004), “Bridging between basic theory and clinical practice” Behaviour Research and Therapy 42:977-1000 Details

Barnard P, Scott SK, Taylor J, May J, Knightley W (2004), “Paying attention to meaning” Psychological Science 15:179-186



deLahunta S. Clarke G. Barnard P. (2012), “A conversation about Choreographic Thinking Tools” Journal of Dance and Somatic Practices 3(1&2): 243-259


Park, RJ, Dunn, BD, and Barnard, PJ (2011), “Schematic Models and Modes of Mind in Anorexia Nervosa 1: A Novel Process Account” International Journal of Cognitive Therapy 4(4) 415-437

Barnard PJ, Murphy FC, Carthery-Goulart MT, Ramponi C, Clare L (2011), “Exploring the basis and boundary conditions of SenseCam-facilitated recollection.” Memory 19(7):758-67 Details

Croucher CJ, Calder AJ, Ramponi C, Barnard PJ, Murphy FC (2011), “Disgust enhances the recollection of negative emotional images.” PLoS One 6(11):e26571 Details

May, J, Calvo-Merino, B, deLahunta, S, McGregor, W, Cusack, R, Owen, A Veldsman, M, Ramponi, C. and Barnard, P. (2011), “Points in mental space: an interdisciplinary study of imagery in movement creation” Dance Research 29(2) 402-430

Murphy FC, Barnard PJ, Terry KA, Carthery-Goulart MT, Holmes EA (2011), “SenseCam, imagery and bias in memory for wellbeing.” Memory 19(7):768-77 Details

Ramponi C, Barnard PJ, Kherif F, Henson RN (2011), “Voluntary explicit versus involuntary conceptual memory are associated with dissociable fMRI responses in hippocampus, amygdala, and parietal cortex for emotional and neutral word pairs.” J Cogn Neurosci 23(8):1935-51 Details

Su L, Bowman H, Barnard P (2011), “Glancing and then looking: on the role of body, affect, and meaning in cognitive control.” Front Psychol 2:348 Details

Tavares P, Barnard PJ, Lawrence AD (2011), “Emotional complexity and the neural representation of emotion in motion.” Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 6(1):98-108 Details


Delduca CM, Jones SH, Barnard P (2010), “A preliminary investigation of the effect of hypomanic personality on the specificity and speed of autobiographical memory recall.” Memory 18(1):12-26 Details

Murphy FC, Hill EL, Ramponi C, Calder AJ, Barnard PJ (2010), “Paying attention to emotional images with impact.” Emotion 10(5):605-14 Details

Ramponi C, Handelsman G, Barnard PJ (2010), “The memory enhancement effect of emotion is absent in conceptual implicit memory.” Emotion 10(2):294-9 Details

Ramponi C, Murphy FC, Calder AJ, Barnard PJ (2010), “Recognition memory for pictorial material in subclinical depression.” Acta Psychol (Amst) 135(3):293-301 Details


Barnard PJ (2009), “Depression and attention to two kinds of meaning: A cognitive perspective.” Psychoanal Psychother 23(3):248-262 Details

Ewbank MP, Barnard PJ, Croucher CJ, Ramponi C, Calder AJ (2009), “The amygdala response to images with impact.” Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 4(2):127-33 Details

Lomax CL, Barnard PJ, Lam D (2009), “Cognitive processing in bipolar disorder conceptualized using the Interactive Cognitive Subsystems (ICS) model.” Psychol Med 39(5):773-83 Details

Murphy FC, Wilde G, Ogden N, Barnard PJ, Calder AJ (2009), “Assessing the automaticity of moral processing: efficient coding of moral information during narrative comprehension.” Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 62(1):41-9 Details


Dalgleish T, Rolfe J, Golden AM, Dunn BD, Barnard PJ (2008), “Reduced autobiographical memory specificity and posttraumatic stress: exploring the contributions of impaired executive control and affect regulation.” J Abnorm Psychol 117(1):236-41 Details

Tavares P, Lawrence AD, Barnard PJ (2008), “Paying attention to social meaning: an FMRI study.” Cereb Cortex 18(8):1876-85 Details


Dalgleish T, Williams JM, Golden AM, Perkins N, Barrett LF, Barnard PJ, Yeung CA, Murphy V, Elward R, Tchanturia K, Watkins E (2007), “Reduced specificity of autobiographical memory and depression: the role of executive control.” J Exp Psychol Gen 136(1):23-42 Details


Barnard PJ, Watkins ER, Ramponi C (2006), “Reducing specificity of autobiographical memory in non-clinical participants: the role of rumination and schematic models” Cognition and Emotion 20(3/4): 328-350


Ramponi C, Barnard PJ, Nimmo-Smith I (2004), “Recollection deficits in dysphoric mood: an effect of schematic models and executive mode?” Memory 12(5):655-70 Details


Barnard PJ, Scott SK, May J (2001), “When the central executive lets us down: Schemas, attention, and load in a generative working memory task.” Memory 9(4):209-221 Details

Scott SK, Barnard PJ, May J (2001), “Specifying executive representations and processes in number generation tasks.” Q J Exp Psychol A 54(3):641-64 Details


Eldridge MA, Barnard PJ, Bekerian DA (1994), “Autobiographical memory and daily schemas at work.” Memory 2(1):51-74 Details