Dr Martin Vestergaard


I investigate theoretical and functional relationships among cognitive and economic constructs of decision psychology and communication. I use psychophysical experimentation, computational models and brain imaging techniques to identify behavioural and neural indices of reward processing and auditory specialization.

Research Focus


Auditory perception

Decision theory



Machine Learning

Clinical conditions



Hearing impairment

Obsessive compulsive disorder



Behavioural analysis

Computational modelling

Electroencephalography (EEG)

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

Neuropsychological testing



Tristan Bekinschtein

Paul Fletcher

Roy Patterson

Wolfram Schultz

Valerie Voon

United Kingdom

Sue Denham Web: https://www.plymouth.ac.uk/researc...

Katrin Krumbholz Web: https://www.nottingham.ac.uk/medicin...


Friedemann Pulvermüller Web: https://www.geisteswissenschaften.fu-berlin.de/v/brain...

István Winkler Web: http://www.ttk.hu/en/phon...

Associated News Items

Key publications

Vestergaard, MD, Schultz, W (2020), “Retrospective valuation of experienced outcome encoded in distinct reward representations in the anterior insula and amygdala” Journal of Neuroscience 40 (46) 8938-8950

Vestergaard MD, Háden GP, Shtyrov Y, Patterson RD, Pulvermüller F, Denham SL, Sziller I, Winkler I (2009), “Auditory size-deviant detection in adults and newborn infants.” Biol Psychol 82(2):169-75 Details

Vestergaard MD (2003), “Dead regions in the cochlea: implications for speech recognition and applicability of articulation index theory.” Int J Audiol 42(5):249-61 Details



Taylor H, Vestergaard MD (2022), “Developmental Dyslexia: Disorder or Specialization in Exploration?” Front Psychol 13(June), 889245


Diederen, K.M.J., Ziauddeen, H., Vestergaard, M.D., Spencer, T., Schultz, W., Fletcher, P.C. (2017), “Dopamine modulates adaptive prediction error coding in the human midbrain and striatum” Journal of Neuroscience 37(7):1708-1720


Borch Petersen E, Lunner T, Vestergaard MD, Sundewall Thorén E (2016), “Danish reading span data from 283 hearing-aid users, including a sub-group analysis of their relationship to speech-in-noise performance” Int J Audiol 55(4):254-61

Diederen, KMJ, Spencer, T, Vestergaard, MD, Fletcher, PC, Schultz, W (2016), “Adaptive prediction error coding in the human midbrain and striatum facilitates behavioral adaptation and learning efficiency” Neuron 90(5):1127-1138


Banca P, Vestergaard MD, Rankov V, Baek K, Mitchell S, Lapa T, Castelo-Branco M, Voon V (2015), “Evidence accumulation in obsessive-compulsive disorder: the role of uncertainty and monetary reward on perceptual decision-making thresholds” Neuropsychopharmacology 40(5):1192-202

Banca P, Voon V, Vestergaard MD, Philipiak G, Almeida I, Pocinho F, Relvas J, Castelo-Branco M (2015), “Imbalance in habitual versus goal directed neural systems during symptom provocation in obsessive-compulsive disorder” Brain 138(3):798-811

Vestergaard MD, Schultz W (2015), “Choice mechanisms for past, temporally extended outcomes” Proc Biol Sci 282(1810)


Medic N, Ziauddeen H, Vestergaard MD, Henning E, Schultz W, Farooqi IS, Fletcher PC (2014), “Dopamine modulates the neural representation of subjective value of food in hungry subjects” J Neurosci 34(50):16856-64


Vestergaard MD, Fyson NR, Patterson RD (2011), “The mutual roles of temporal glimpsing and vocal characteristics in cocktail-party listening.” J Acoust Soc Am 130(1):429-39 Details


Edmonds BA, James RE, Utev A, Vestergaard MD, Patterson RD, Krumbholz K (2010), “Evidence for early specialized processing of speech formant information in anterior and posterior human auditory cortex.” Eur J Neurosci 32(4):684-92 Details

Hailstone JC, Crutch SJ, Vestergaard MD, Patterson RD, Warren JD (2010), “Progressive associative phonagnosia: a neuropsychological analysis.” Neuropsychologia 48(4):1104-14 Details

Ives DT, Vestergaard MD, Kistler DJ, Patterson RD (2010), “Location and acoustic scale cues in concurrent speech recognition.” J Acoust Soc Am 127(6):3729-37 Details


Háden GP, Stefanics G, Vestergaard MD, Denham SL, Sziller I, Winkler I (2009), “Timbre-independent extraction of pitch in newborn infants.” Psychophysiology 46(1):69-74 Details

Vestergaard MD, Fyson NR, Patterson RD (2009), “The interaction of vocal characteristics and audibility in the recognition of concurrent syllables.” J Acoust Soc Am 125(2):1114-24 Details

Vestergaard MD, Patterson RD (2009), “Effects of voicing in the recognition of concurrent syllables.” J Acoust Soc Am 126(6):2860-3 Details


Vestergaard MD (2006), “Self-report outcome in new hearing-aid users: Longitudinal trends and relationships between subjective measures of benefit and satisfaction.” Int J Audiol 45(7):382-92 Details