Dr Elizabeth Warburton

Elizabeth Warburton

University position

Consultant physician in stroke medicine

Dr Elizabeth Warburton is pleased to consider applications from prospective PhD students.


Department of Medicine


Neurology Unit and Wolfson Brain Imaging Centre



Home page

http://www.neurology.cam.ac.uk/stroke/... (personal home page)

Research Themes

Clinical and Veterinary Neuroscience

Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience


Research interests are as follows

1. Molecular imaging of atheroma - particularly carotid plaque imaging using PET/CT and MRI techniques. Both Clinical and microPET imaging. Proof of principle trials of novel atheroma drugs with imaging biomarkers.

2. Imaging mechanisms of damage in both ischemic and heamorrhagic stroke using PET, CTperfusion and MRI imaging

3. Imaging mechanisms of recovery from aphasic stroke and behavioural interventions

Carotid and aortic atheroma imaged with 18FDG-PET
Carotid and aortic atheroma imaged with 18FDG-PET
Click image to view full-size

Research Focus






Clinical conditions



Haemodynamic monitoring


Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

Neuropsychological testing

Positron Emission Tomography (PET)



Franklin Aigbirhio

Jean-Claude Baron

Martin Bennet

John Clark

Anthony Davenport

Jonathan Gillard

Peter Kirkpatrick

Gillian Murphy

Ken Poole

Jonathan Reeve

Peter Weissberg

United Kingdom

Jenny Crinion Web: http://www.fil.ion.ucl.ac.uk/Price/L...

Alex Leff Web: http://www.fil.ion.ucl.a

Cathy Price Web: http://www.fil.ion.ucl.ac.uk/Price/


Argye Hillis Web: http://www.neuro.jhmi.edu/profile...

James Rudd Web: http://www.mssm.edu/

Associated News Items



    Agarwal S, Day DJ, Sibson L, Barry PJ, Collas D, Metcalf K, Cotter PE, Guyler P, O'Brien EW, O'Brien A, O'Kane D, Owusu-Agyei P, Phillips P, Shekhar R, Warburton EA (2014), “Thrombolysis delivery by a regional telestroke network--experience from the U.K. National Health Service.” J Am Heart Assoc 3(1):e000408 Details

    Baron JC, Farid K, Dolan E, Turc G, Marrapu ST, O'Brien E, Aigbirhio FI, Fryer TD, Menon DK, Warburton EA, Hong YT (2014), “Diagnostic utility of amyloid PET in cerebral amyloid angiopathy-related symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage.” J Cereb Blood Flow Metab 34(5):753-8 Details


    Agarwal S, Scoffings DJ, Jones PS, Marrapu ST, Barry PJ, O'Brien EW, Baron JC, Warburton EA (2013), “Interaction of age with the ischaemic penumbra, leptomeningeal collateral circulation and haemodynamic variables in acute stroke: a pilot study.” J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 84(3):271-6 Details

    Alawneh JA, Moustafa RR, Marrapu ST, Jensen-Kondering U, Morris RS, Jones PS, Aigbirhio FI, Fryer TD, Carpenter TA, Warburton EA, Baron JC (2013), “Diffusion and perfusion correlates of the 18F-MISO PET lesion in acute stroke: pilot study.” Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging Details

    Anderson CS, Heeley E, Huang Y, Wang J, Stapf C, Delcourt C, Lindley R, Robinson T, Lavados P, Neal B, Hata J, Arima H, Parsons M, Li Y, Wang J, Heritier S, Li Q, Woodward M, Simes RJ, Davis SM, Chalmers J, INTERACT2 Investigators (2013), “Rapid blood-pressure lowering in patients with acute intracerebral hemorrhage.” N Engl J Med 368(25):2355-65 Details

    Carrera E, Jones PS, Morris RS, Alawneh J, Hong YT, Aigbirhio FI, Fryer TD, Carpenter TA, Warburton EA, Baron JC (2013), “Is neural activation within the rescued penumbra impeded by selective neuronal loss?” Brain 136(Pt 6):1816-29 Details

    Clatworthy PL, Warburton EA, Tolhurst DJ, Baron JC (2013), “Visual contrast sensitivity deficits in 'normal' visual field of patients with homonymous visual field defects due to stroke: a pilot study.” Cerebrovasc Dis 36(5-6):329-35 Details

    Cotter PE, Martin PJ, Ring L, Warburton EA, Belham M, Pugh PJ (2013), “Incidence of atrial fibrillation detected by implantable loop recorders in unexplained stroke.” Neurology 80(17):1546-50 Details

    Kwok CS, Potter JF, Dalton G, George A, Metcalf AK, Ngeh J, Nicolson A, Owusu-Agyei P, Shekhar R, Walsh K, Warburton EA, Myint PK, Anglia Stroke Clinical Network Evaluation Study (ASCNES) Group (2013), “The SOAR stroke score predicts inpatient and 7-day mortality in acute stroke.” Stroke 44(7):2010-2 Details


    Geva S, Baron JC, Jones PS, Price CJ, Warburton EA (2012), “A comparison of VLSM and VBM in a cohort of patients with post-stroke aphasia.” Neuroimage Clin 1(1):37-47 Details

    Geva S, Jones PS, Crinion JT, Price CJ, Baron JC, Warburton EA (2012), “The effect of aging on the neural correlates of phonological word retrieval.” J Cogn Neurosci 24(11):2135-46 Details

    IST-3 collaborative group, Sandercock P, Wardlaw JM, Lindley RI, Dennis M, Cohen G, Murray G, Innes K, Venables G, Czlonkowska A, Kobayashi A, Ricci S, Murray V, Berge E, Slot KB, Hankey GJ, Correia M, Peeters A, Matz K, Lyrer P, Gubitz G, Phillips SJ, Arauz A (2012), “The benefits and harms of intravenous thrombolysis with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator within 6 h of acute ischaemic stroke (the third international stroke trial [IST-3]): a randomised controlled trial.” Lancet 379(9834):2352-63 Details


    Agarwal S, Jones PS, Alawneh JA, Antoun NM, Barry PJ, Carrera E, Cotter PE, O'Brien EW, Salih I, Scoffings DJ, Baron JC, Warburton EA (2011), “Does perfusion computed tomography facilitate clinical decision making for thrombolysis in unselected acute patients with suspected ischaemic stroke?” Cerebrovasc Dis 32(3):227-33 Details

    Agarwal S, Warburton EA (2011), “Teleneurology: is it really at a distance?” J Neurol 258(6):971-81 Details

    Alawneh JA, Jones PS, Mikkelsen IK, Cho TH, Siemonsen S, Mouridsen K, Ribe L, Morris RS, Hjort N, Antoun N, Gillard JH, Fiehler J, Nighoghossian N, Warburton EA, Ostergaard L, Baron JC (2011), “Infarction of 'non-core-non-penumbral' tissue after stroke: multivariate modelling of clinical impact.” Brain 134(Pt 6):1765-76 Details

    Carrera E, Jones PS, Alawneh JA, Klærke Mikkelsen I, Cho TH, Siemonsen S, Guadagno JV, Mouridsen K, Ribe L, Hjort N, Fryer TD, Carpenter TA, Aigbirhio FI, Fiehler J, Nighoghossian N, Warburton EA, Ostergaard L, Baron JC (2011), “Predicting infarction within the diffusion-weighted imaging lesion: does the mean transit time have added value?” Stroke 42(6):1602-7 Details

    Carrera E, Jones PS, Iglesias S, Guadagno JV, Warburton EA, Fryer TD, Aigbirhio FI, Baron JC (2011), “The vascular mean transit time: a surrogate for the penumbra flow threshold?” J Cereb Blood Flow Metab 31(4):1027-35 Details

    Cotter PE, Martin PJ, Pugh PJ, Warburton EA, Cheriyan J, Belham M (2011), “Increased incidence of interatrial block in younger adults with cryptogenic stroke and patent foramen ovale.” Cerebrovasc Dis Extra 1(1):36-43 Details

    Geva S, Jones PS, Crinion JT, Price CJ, Baron JC, Warburton EA (2011), “The neural correlates of inner speech defined by voxel-based lesion-symptom mapping.” Brain 134(Pt 10):3071-82 Details

    Moustafa RR, Momjian-Mayor I, Jones PS, Morbelli S, Day DJ, Aigbirhio FI, Fryer TD, Warburton EA, Baron JC (2011), “Microembolism versus hemodynamic impairment in rosary-like deep watershed infarcts: a combined positron emission tomography and transcranial Doppler study.” Stroke 42(11):3138-43 Details

    Myint PK, Potter JF, Price GM, Barton GR, Metcalf AK, Hale R, Dalton G, Musgrave SD, George A, Shekhar R, Owusu-Agyei P, Walsh K, Ngeh J, Nicholson A, Day DJ, Warburton EA, Bachmann MO (2011), “Evaluation of stroke services in Anglia Stroke Clinical Network to examine the variation in acute services and stroke outcomes.” BMC Health Serv Res 11:50 Details

    Sandercock P, Lindley R, Wardlaw J, Dennis M, Innes K, Cohen G, Whiteley W, Perry D, Soosay V, Buchanan D, Venables G, Czlonkowska A, Kobayashi A, Berge E, Slot KB, Murray V, Peeters A, Hankey GJ, Matz K, Brainin M, Ricci S, Cantisani TA, Gubitz G, Phillips SJ, Antonio A, Correia M, Lyrer P, Kane I, Lundstrom E, IST-3 collaborative group (2011), “Update on the third international stroke trial (IST-3) of thrombolysis for acute ischaemic stroke and baseline features of the 3035 patients recruited.” Trials 12:252 Details

    Warburton E, Alawneh JA, Clatworthy PL, Morris RS (2011), “Stroke management.” Clin Evid (Online) 2011 Details


    Bird JL, Izquierdo-Garcia D, Davies JR, Rudd JH, Probst KC, Figg N, Clark JC, Weissberg PL, Davenport AP, Warburton EA (2010), “Evaluation of translocator protein quantification as a tool for characterising macrophage burden in human carotid atherosclerosis.” Atherosclerosis 210(2):388-91 Details

    Calautti C, Jones PS, Guincestre JY, Naccarato M, Sharma N, Day DJ, Carpenter TA, Warburton EA, Baron JC (2010), “The neural substrates of impaired finger tapping regularity after stroke.” Neuroimage 50(1):1-6 Details

    Calautti C, Jones PS, Naccarato M, Sharma N, Day DJ, Bullmore ET, Warburton EA, Baron JC (2010), “The relationship between motor deficit and primary motor cortex hemispheric activation balance after stroke: longitudinal fMRI study.” J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 81(7):788-92 Details

    Davies JR, Izquierdo-Garcia D, Rudd JH, Figg N, Richards HK, Bird JL, Aigbirhio FI, Davenport AP, Weissberg PL, Fryer TD, Warburton EA (2010), “FDG-PET can distinguish inflamed from non-inflamed plaque in an animal model of atherosclerosis.” Int J Cardiovasc Imaging 26(1):41-8 Details

    Lees KR, Bluhmki E, von Kummer R, Brott TG, Toni D, Grotta JC, Albers GW, Kaste M, Marler JR, Hamilton SA, Tilley BC, Davis SM, Donnan GA, Hacke W, ECASS, ATLANTIS, NINDS and EPITHET rt-PA Study Group, Allen K, Mau J, Meier D, del Zoppo G, De Silva DA, Butcher KS, Parsons MW, Barber PA, Levi C, Bladin C, Byrnes G (2010), “Time to treatment with intravenous alteplase and outcome in stroke: an updated pooled analysis of ECASS, ATLANTIS, NINDS, and EPITHET trials.” Lancet 375(9727):1695-703 Details

    Moustafa RR, Izquierdo-Garcia D, Fryer TD, Graves MJ, Rudd JH, Gillard JH, Weissberg PL, Baron JC, Warburton EA (2010), “Carotid plaque inflammation is associated with cerebral microembolism in patients with recent transient ischemic attack or stroke: a pilot study.” Circ Cardiovasc Imaging 3(5):536-41 Details

    Moustafa RR, Izquierdo-Garcia D, Jones PS, Graves MJ, Fryer TD, Gillard JH, Warburton EA, Baron JC (2010), “Watershed infarcts in transient ischemic attack/minor stroke with > or = 50% carotid stenosis: hemodynamic or embolic?” Stroke 41(7):1410-6 Details

    Rudd JH, Narula J, Strauss HW, Virmani R, Machac J, Klimas M, Tahara N, Fuster V, Warburton EA, Fayad ZA, Tawakol AA (2010), “Imaging atherosclerotic plaque inflammation by fluorodeoxyglucose with positron emission tomography: ready for prime time?” J Am Coll Cardiol 55(23):2527-35 Details

    Sadat U, Li ZY, Young VE, Graves MJ, Boyle JR, Warburton EA, Varty K, O'Brien E, Gillard JH (2010), “Finite element analysis of vulnerable atherosclerotic plaques: a comparison of mechanical stresses within carotid plaques of acute and recently symptomatic patients with carotid artery disease.” J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 81(3):286-9 Details


    Donswijk ML, Jones PS, Guadagno JV, Carpenter TA, Moustafa RR, Fryer TD, Aigbirhio FI, Warburton EA, Baron JC (2009), “T2*-weighted MRI versus oxygen extraction fraction PET in acute stroke.” Cerebrovasc Dis 28(3):306-13 Details

    Izquierdo-Garcia D, Davies JR, Graves MJ, Rudd JH, Gillard JH, Weissberg PL, Fryer TD, Warburton EA (2009), “Comparison of methods for magnetic resonance-guided [18-F]fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography in human carotid arteries: reproducibility, partial volume correction, and correlation between methods.” Stroke 40(1):86-93 Details

    Manly T, Dove A, Blows S, George M, Noonan MP, Teasdale TW, Dodds CM, Fish J, Warburton E (2009), “Assessment of unilateral spatial neglect: scoring star cancellation performance from video recordings--method, reliability, benefits, and normative data.” Neuropsychology 23(4):519-28 Details

    Moustafa RR, Izquierdo D, Weissberg PL, Baron JC, Warburton EA (2009), “Identifying aortic plaque inflammation as a potential cause of stroke.” BMJ Case Rep 2009:bcr2007123232 Details

    Poole KE, Vedi S, Debiram I, Rose C, Power J, Loveridge N, Warburton EA, Reeve J, Compston J (2009), “Bone structure and remodelling in stroke patients: early effects of zoledronate.” Bone 44(4):629-33 Details

    Sharma N, Simmons LH, Jones PS, Day DJ, Carpenter TA, Pomeroy VM, Warburton EA, Baron JC (2009), “Motor imagery after subcortical stroke: a functional magnetic resonance imaging study.” Stroke 40(4):1315-24 Details

    Tang TY, Howarth SP, Miller SR, Graves MJ, Patterson AJ, U-King-Im JM, Li ZY, Walsh SR, Brown AP, Kirkpatrick PJ, Warburton EA, Hayes PD, Varty K, Boyle JR, Gaunt ME, Zalewski A, Gillard JH (2009), “The ATHEROMA (Atorvastatin Therapy: Effects on Reduction of Macrophage Activity) Study. Evaluation using ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging in carotid disease.” J Am Coll Cardiol 53(22):2039-50 Details


    Guadagno JV, Jones PS, Aigbirhio FI, Wang D, Fryer TD, Day DJ, Antoun N, Nimmo-Smith I, Warburton EA, Baron JC (2008), “Selective neuronal loss in rescued penumbra relates to initial hypoperfusion.” Brain 131(Pt 10):2666-78 Details

    Hacke W, Kaste M, Bluhmki E, Brozman M, Dávalos A, Guidetti D, Larrue V, Lees KR, Medeghri Z, Machnig T, Schneider D, von Kummer R, Wahlgren N, Toni D, ECASS Investigators (2008), “Thrombolysis with alteplase 3 to 4.5 hours after acute ischemic stroke.” N Engl J Med 359(13):1317-29 Details

    Lees KR, Ford GA, Muir KW, Ahmed N, Dyker AG, Atula S, Kalra L, Warburton EA, Baron JC, Jenkinson DF, Wahlgren NG, Walters MR, SITS-UK Group (2008), “Thrombolytic therapy for acute stroke in the United Kingdom: experience from the safe implementation of thrombolysis in stroke (SITS) register.” QJM 101(11):863-9 Details

    Moustafa RR, Izquierdo D, Weissberg PL, Baron JC, Warburton EA (2008), “Neurological picture. Identifying aortic plaque inflammation as a potential cause of stroke.” J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 79(2):236 Details

    Myint PK, Anderson KN, Antoun NM, Warburton EA (2008), “Eyelid apraxia associated with bilateral paramedian thalamic infarct.” Age Ageing 37(3):343-4 Details

    SCOPE (Stroke Complications and Outcomes Prediction Engine) Collaborations, IST, Lewis SC, Sandercock PA, Dennis MS (2008), “Predicting outcome in hyper-acute stroke: validation of a prognostic model in the Third International Stroke Trial (IST3).” J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 79(4):397-400 Details

    Takasawa M, Jones PS, Guadagno JV, Christensen S, Fryer TD, Harding S, Gillard JH, Williams GB, Aigbirhio FI, Warburton EA, Østergaard L, Baron JC (2008), “How reliable is perfusion MR in acute stroke? Validation and determination of the penumbra threshold against quantitative PET.” Stroke 39(3):870-7 Details

    Tang TY, Howarth SP, Miller SR, Graves MJ, U-King-Im JM, Li ZY, Walsh SR, Patterson AJ, Kirkpatrick PJ, Warburton EA, Varty K, Gaunt ME, Gillard JH (2008), “Correlation of carotid atheromatous plaque inflammation using USPIO-enhanced MR imaging with degree of luminal stenosis.” Stroke 39(7):2144-7 Details

    Tang TY, Moustafa RR, Howarth SP, Walsh SR, Boyle JR, Li ZY, Baron JC, Gillard JH, Warburton EA (2008), “Combined PET-FDG and USPIO-enhanced MR imaging in patients with symptomatic moderate carotid artery stenosis.” Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 36(1):53-5 Details

    U-King-Im JM, Tang TY, Patterson A, Graves MJ, Howarth S, Li ZY, Trivedi R, Bowden D, Kirkpatrick PJ, Gaunt ME, Warburton EA, Antoun NM, Gillard JH (2008), “Characterisation of carotid atheroma in symptomatic and asymptomatic patients using high resolution MRI.” J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 79(8):905-12 Details

    Warburton E, Alawneh JA, Clatworthy PL, Morris RS (2008), “Stroke management.” Clin Evid (Online) 2008 Details

    Warburton L (2008), “Collateral damage in acute stroke treatment: a new role for an old concept?” J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 79(6):615-6 Details


    Calautti C, Naccarato M, Jones PS, Sharma N, Day DD, Carpenter AT, Bullmore ET, Warburton EA, Baron JC (2007), “The relationship between motor deficit and hemisphere activation balance after stroke: A 3T fMRI study.” Neuroimage 34(1):322-31 Details

    Muir KW, Tyrrell P, Sattar N, Warburton E (2007), “Inflammation and ischaemic stroke.” Curr Opin Neurol 20(3):334-42 Details

    Myint PK, Poole KE, Warburton EA (2007), “Hip fractures after stroke and their prevention.” QJM 100(9):539-45 Details

    Poole KE, Loveridge N, Rose CM, Warburton EA, Reeve J (2007), “A single infusion of zoledronate prevents bone loss after stroke.” Stroke 38(5):1519-25 Details

    Probst KC, Izquierdo D, Bird JL, Brichard L, Franck D, Davies JR, Fryer TD, Richards HK, Clark JC, Davenport AP, Weissberg PL, Warburton EA (2007), “Strategy for improved [(11)C]DAA1106 radiosynthesis and in vivo peripheral benzodiazepine receptor imaging using microPET, evaluation of [(11)C]DAA1106.” Nucl Med Biol 34(4):439-46 Details

    Rudd JH, Fayad ZA, Machac J, Weissberg PL, Davies JR, Warburton EA, Tawakol AA, Strauss HW, Fuster V (2007), “Response to 'Laurberg JM, Olsen AK, Hansen SB, et al. Imaging of vulnerable atherosclerotic plaques with FDG-microPET: no FDG accumulation' [Atherosclerosis 2006].” Atherosclerosis 192(2):453-4; author reply 451-2 Details

    Salih IS, Higgins NJ, Warburton EA, Baron JC (2007), “Lacunar stroke attributable to radiation-induced intracranial arteriopathy.” Eur J Neurol 14(8):937-9 Details

    U-King-Im JM, Tang T, Moustafa RR, Baron JC, Warburton EA, Gillard JH (2007), “Imaging the cellular biology of the carotid plaque.” Int J Stroke 2(2):85-96 Details


    Calautti C, Jones PS, Persaud N, Guincestre JY, Naccarato M, Warburton EA, Baron JC (2006), “Quantification of index tapping regularity after stroke with tri-axial accelerometry.” Brain Res Bull 70(1):1-7 Details

    Crinion JT, Warburton EA, Lambon-Ralph MA, Howard D, Wise RJ (2006), “Listening to narrative speech after aphasic stroke: the role of the left anterior temporal lobe.” Cereb Cortex 16(8):1116-25 Details

    Guadagno JV, Jones PS, Fryer TD, Barret O, Aigbirhio FI, Carpenter TA, Price CJ, Gillard JH, Warburton EA, Baron JC (2006), “Local relationships between restricted water diffusion and oxygen consumption in the ischemic human brain.” Stroke 37(7):1741-8 Details

    Guadagno JV, Warburton EA, Jones PS, Day DJ, Aigbirhio FI, Fryer TD, Harding S, Price CJ, Green HA, Barret O, Gillard JH, Baron JC (2006), “How affected is oxygen metabolism in DWI lesions?: A combined acute stroke PET-MR study.” Neurology 67(5):824-9 Details

    Hellier KD, Hampton JL, Guadagno JV, Higgins NP, Antoun NM, Day DJ, Gillard JH, Warburton EA, Baron JC (2006), “Perfusion CT helps decision making for thrombolysis when there is no clear time of onset.” J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 77(3):417-9 Details

    Moustafa RR, Antoun NM, Coulden RA, Warburton EA, Baron JC (2006), “Stroke attributable to a calcific embolus from the brachiocephalic trunk.” Stroke 37(1):e6-8 Details

    Poole KE, Loveridge N, Barker PJ, Halsall DJ, Rose C, Reeve J, Warburton EA (2006), “Reduced vitamin D in acute stroke.” Stroke 37(1):243-5 Details

    Price CJ, Wang D, Menon DK, Guadagno JV, Cleij M, Fryer T, Aigbirhio F, Baron JC, Warburton EA (2006), “Intrinsic activated microglia map to the peri-infarct zone in the subacute phase of ischemic stroke.” Stroke 37(7):1749-53 Details

    Price CJS, Wang D, Menon DK, Guadagno JV, Fryer TD, Aigbirhio F, Baron J-C, Warburton EA (2006), “Intrinsic activated microglia map to the periinfarct zone in the subacute phase of ischaemic stroke” Stroke 37(7): 1749–53

    Warburton E (2006), “Stroke management.” Clin Evid (15):229-42 Details

    Warburton L, Gillard J (2006), “Functional imaging of carotid atheromatous plaques.” J Neuroimaging 16(4):293-301 Details


    Davies JR, Rudd JH, Fryer TD, Graves MJ, Clark JC, Kirkpatrick PJ, Gillard JH, Warburton EA, Weissberg PL (2005), “Identification of culprit lesions after transient ischemic attack by combined 18F fluorodeoxyglucose positron-emission tomography and high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging.” Stroke 36(12):2642-7 Details

    Guadagno JV, Warburton EA, Jones PS, Fryer TD, Day DJ, Gillard JH, Carpenter TA, Aigbirhio FI, Price CJ, Baron JC (2005), “The diffusion-weighted lesion in acute stroke: heterogeneous patterns of flow/metabolism uncoupling as assessed by quantitative positron emission tomography.” Cerebrovasc Dis 19(4):239-46 Details

    Madan V, Harkness K, Brien EO, Warburton EA (2005), “Lone atrial septal aneurysm and stroke--a case report and review of the literature.” Eur J Intern Med 16(7):520-2 Details

    Poole KE, Warburton EA, Reeve J (2005), “Risedronate therapy for prevention of hip fracture after stroke in elderly women.” Neurology 65(9):1513-4; author reply 1513-4 Details

    Poole KE, Warburton EA, Reeve J (2005), “Rapid long-term bone loss following stroke in a man with osteoporosis and atherosclerosis.” Osteoporos Int 16(3):302-5 Details

    U-King-Im JM, Hollingworth W, Trivedi RA, Cross JJ, Higgins NJ, Graves MJ, Gutnikov S, Kirkpatrick PJ, Warburton EA, Antoun NM, Rothwell PM, Gillard JH (2005), “Cost-effectiveness of diagnostic strategies prior to carotid endarterectomy.” Ann Neurol 58(4):506-15 Details

    U-King-Im JM, Trivedi RA, Graves MJ, Harkness K, Eales H, Joubert I, Koo B, Antoun N, Warburton EA, Gillard JH, Baron JC (2005), “Utility of an ultrafast magnetic resonance imaging protocol in recent and semi-recent strokes.” J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 76(7):1002-5 Details

    Warburton E (2005), “Stroke management.” Clin Evid (13):152-66 Details


    Guadagno JV, Warburton EA, Aigbirhio FI, Smielewski P, Fryer TD, Harding S, Price CJ, Gillard JH, Carpenter TA, Baron JC (2004), “Does the acute diffusion-weighted imaging lesion represent penumbra as well as core? A combined quantitative PET/MRI voxel-based study.” J Cereb Blood Flow Metab 24(11):1249-54 Details

    Gubitz G, Sandercock P, Warburton E (2004), “[Stroke: management].” Vasa 33(1):55-7; discussion 57-8 Details

    Price CJ, Menon DK, Peters AM, Ballinger JR, Barber RW, Balan KK, Lynch A, Xuereb JH, Fryer T, Guadagno JV, Warburton EA (2004), “Cerebral neutrophil recruitment, histology, and outcome in acute ischemic stroke: an imaging-based study.” Stroke 35(7):1659-64 Details

    Price CJS, Menon DK, Peters M, Ballinger J, Barber R, Balan KK, Lynch A, Xuereb J, Fryer TD, Guadagno JV, Warburton EA (2004), “Cerebral neutrophil recruitment , histology and outcome in acute ischaemic stroke: an imaging based study” Stroke 35(7):1659-64

    Trivedi RA, U-King-Im JM, Graves MJ, Cross JJ, Horsley J, Goddard MJ, Skepper JN, Quartey G, Warburton E, Joubert I, Wang L, Kirkpatrick PJ, Brown J, Gillard JH (2004), “In vivo detection of macrophages in human carotid atheroma: temporal dependence of ultrasmall superparamagnetic particles of iron oxide-enhanced MRI.” Stroke 35(7):1631-5 Details

    U-King-Im JM, Trivedi RA, Graves MJ, Higgins NJ, Cross JJ, Tom BD, Hollingworth W, Eales H, Warburton EA, Kirkpatrick PJ, Antoun NM, Gillard JH (2004), “Contrast-enhanced MR angiography for carotid disease: diagnostic and potential clinical impact.” Neurology 62(8):1282-90 Details

    Warburton E (2004), “Stroke management.” Clin Evid (11):240-56 Details


    Crinion JT, Lambon-Ralph MA, Warburton EA, Howard D, Wise RJ (2003), “Temporal lobe regions engaged during normal speech comprehension.” Brain 126(Pt 5):1193-201 Details

    Price CJ, Warburton EA, Menon DK (2003), “Human cellular inflammation in the pathology of acute cerebral ischaemia.” J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 74(11):1476-84 Details

    Warburton E (2003), “Stroke management.” Clin Evid (9):206-20 Details


    Blank SC, Scott SK, Murphy K, Warburton E, Wise RJ (2002), “Speech production: Wernicke, Broca and beyond.” Brain 125(Pt 8):1829-38 Details

    Green HA, Peña A, Price CJ, Warburton EA, Pickard JD, Carpenter TA, Gillard JH (2002), “Increased anisotropy in acute stroke: a possible explanation.” Stroke 33(6):1517-21 Details

    Manly T, Woldt K, Watson P, Warburton E (2002), “Is motor perseveration in unilateral neglect 'driven' by the presence of neglected left-sided stimuli?” Neuropsychologia 40(11):1794-803 Details

    Poole KE, Reeve J, Warburton EA (2002), “Falls, fractures, and osteoporosis after stroke: time to think about protection?” Stroke 33(5):1432-6 Details

    Rudd JH, Warburton EA, Fryer TD, Jones HA, Clark JC, Antoun N, Johnström P, Davenport AP, Kirkpatrick PJ, Arch BN, Pickard JD, Weissberg PL (2002), “Imaging atherosclerotic plaque inflammation with [18F]-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography.” Circulation 105(23):2708-11 Details


    Gillard JH, Papadakis NG, Martin K, Price CJ, Warburton EA, Antoun NM, Huang CL, Carpenter TA, Pickard JD (2001), “MR diffusion tensor imaging of white matter tract disruption in stroke at 3 T.” Br J Radiol 74(883):642-7 Details

    Kirkpatrick PJ, Martin P, Warburton E, Pickard JD (2001), “Treatment of patients with carotid stenosis.” Lancet 358(9297):1998-9 Details

    Pereira AC, Martin PJ, Warburton EA (2001), “Thrombolysis in acute ischaemic stroke.” Postgrad Med J 77(905):166-71 Details

    Price CJ, Warburton EA, Moore CJ, Frackowiak RS, Friston KJ (2001), “Dynamic diaschisis: anatomically remote and context-sensitive human brain lesions.” J Cogn Neurosci 13(4):419-29 Details

    Wise RJ, Scott SK, Blank SC, Mummery CJ, Murphy K, Warburton EA (2001), “Separate neural subsystems within 'Wernicke's area'.” Brain 124(Pt 1):83-95 Details


    Pereira AC, Warburton E (2000), “Heparin versus aspirin in ischaemic stroke.” Lancet 356(9228):504-5 Details

    Pereira AC, Warburton E (2000), “Heparin vs aspirin in acute ischaemic stroke.” Lancet 356(9223):73 Details

    Scholten P, Bever A, Turner K, Warburton L (2000), “Graduated elastic compression stockings on a stroke unit: a feasibility study.” Age Ageing 29(4):357-9 Details

    Sinha S, Warburton EA (2000), “The evolution of stroke units-towards a more intensive approach?” QJM 93(9):633-8 Details

    Warburton L (2000), “Prevention of ischemic stroke” J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 69(3):407C Details


    Warburton E, Price CJ, Swinburn K, Wise RJ (1999), “Mechanisms of recovery from aphasia: evidence from positron emission tomography studies.” J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 66(2):155-61 Details

    WARBURTON L (1999), “Management of stroke: A practical guide for the prevention, evaluation and treatment of acute stroke” J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 66(5):696A Details


    Price CJ, Howard D, Patterson K, Warburton EA, Friston KJ, Frackowiak SJ (1998), “A functional neuroimaging description of two deep dyslexic patients.” J Cogn Neurosci 10(3):303-15 Details


    Price CJ, Wise RJ, Warburton EA, Moore CJ, Howard D, Patterson K, Frackowiak RS, Friston KJ (1996), “Hearing and saying. The functional neuro-anatomy of auditory word processing.” Brain 119 ( Pt 3):919-31 Details

    Warburton E, Wise RJ, Price CJ, Weiller C, Hadar U, Ramsay S, Frackowiak RS (1996), “Noun and verb retrieval by normal subjects. Studies with PET.” Brain 119 ( Pt 1):159-79 Details


    Bottini G, Paulesu E, Sterzi R, Warburton E, Wise RJ, Vallar G, Frackowiak RS, Frith CD (1995), “Modulation of conscious experience by peripheral sensory stimuli.” Nature 376(6543):778-81 Details


    Warburton E, Booth J, Robinson S (1993), “Current opportunities in clinical research.” J R Coll Physicians Lond 27(3):309-12 Details