Dr Franziska Knolle

University position

Research Associate


Department of Psychiatry

Research Themes

Cognitive and Behavioural Neuroscience

Systems and Computational Neuroscience


I am interested in investigating the underlying mechanisms of predictive processing. Especially, I wish to explore how dysfunctional predictive processing might lead to various symptoms of psychiatric and neurological disorders, such as delusions or hallucinations. Brain structures I am particularly interested in in that respect are the basal ganglia and the cerebellum. I am using EEG and fMRI as well as behavioural paradigms to explore these topics.

Research Focus


Predictive processing


Prediction error



Clinical conditions

Obsessive compulsive disorder




Behavioural analysis

Computational modelling

Electroencephalography (EEG)

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)



Paul Fletcher

Jenny Morton

Graham Murray

United Kingdom

Sebastian McBride


Sonja Kotz

Erich Schroeger

Associated News Items



Ermakova AO, Gileadi N, Knolle F, Justicia Diaz A, Anderson R, Fletcher PC, Moutoussis M, Murray GK (2019), “Cost evaluation during decision making in patients at early stages of psychosis” Computational Psychiatry 3, 18-39

Knolle F, Schwartze M, Schröger E, Kotz SA (2019), “Auditory predictions and prediction errors in response to self-initiated vowels” bioRxiv 671990

Knolle, F., Goncalves, R.P., Davies, E.L., Duff, A.R., Morton, J.A. (2019), “Response-inhibition during problem solving in sheep” International Journal of Comparative Psychology 3

M Montagnese, F Knolle, J Haarsma, J Griffin, A Richards, P Vertes, B Kiddle, PC Fletcher, PB Jones, M Owen, P Fonagy, ET Bullmore, R Dolan, NSPN Consortium, M Moutoussis, I Goodyer, GK Murray (2019), “Reinforcement learning as an intermediate phenotype in psychosis? Deficits sensitive to illness stage but not associated with polygenic risk of schizophrenia in the general population” bioRxiv 668939

in press

Murray*, G.K., Knolle*, F., Ersche, K.D., Craig, K.J., Abbott, S., Shabbir, S.S., Suckling, J., Sahakian, B.J., Bullmore, E.T., Robbins, T.W. (in press), “Dopaminergic drug treatment remediates exaggerated cingulate prediction error responses in obsessive-compulsive disorder” Psychopharmacology


Ermakova*, A.O., Knolle*, F., Justicia, A., Bullmore, E.T., Jones, P.J., Robbins, T.W., Fletcher, P.C., & Murray, G.K. (2018), “Abnormal reward prediction error signalling in antipsychotic naïve individuals with first episode psychosis or clinical risk for psychosis.” Neuropsychopharmacology 43, 1691–1699

Haarsma J, Knolle F, Griffin J, Taverne H, Mada M, Goodyer I, Neuroscience in Psychiatry Network, Fletcher, PC, Murray GK (2018), “Influence of prior beliefs on perception in early psychosis: effects of illness stage and hierarchical level of belief” bioRxiv 421891

Knolle* F, Ermakova* AO, Justicia A., Fletcher PC, Bunseck N, Düzel E & Murray GK. (2018), “Brain responses to different types of salience in antipsychotic naïve first episode psychosis: An fMRI study” Translational Psychiatry 8:196


Knolle F, McBride SD, Stewart JE, Goncalves R Morton, AJ (2017), “A stop-signal task for sheep: Introduction and validation of a direct measure for the stop-signal reaction time” Animal Cognition 20(4):615-626

Knolle F, Vallotton C, Ayoub C (2017), “Deficit or difference? Effects of early maltreatment on children’s language skills and use of grammatical negations.” Journal of Child and Family Studies 1-12

Knolle, F., Goncalves, R. & Morton, J. (2017), “Sheep recognise familiar and unfamiliar human faces from two-dimensional images.” Royal Society Open Science 4: 171228


Knolle F, Schröger E, Kotz SA (2013), “Cerebellar contribution to the prediction of self-initiated sounds.” Cortex 49(9), 2449-2461

Knolle F, Schröger E, Kotz SA (2013), “Prediction errors in self- and externally-generated deviants.” Biological Psychology 92(2), 410-416


Knolle F (2012), “Knowing what's next: The role of the cerebellum in generating predictions. ” PhD Thesis, Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig ISBN: 978-3-941504-26-4

Knolle F, Schröger E, Baess P, Kotz SA (2012), “The cerebellum generates motor-to-auditory predictions: ERP lesion evidence” Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 24(3), 698-706