Professor German Berrios

German Berrios

University position



Department of Psychiatry

Home page

Research Theme

Clinical and Veterinary Neuroscience


I am interested in the study of psychiatric symptoms (e.g. hallucinations, delusions, obsessions) appearing in the context of neurological disease.

Since the 19th century, the view that 'mental symptoms' seen in the context of neurological disease are the same as those seen in the context of psychiatry has been assumed rather than demonstrated. We investigate this question by:

1) mapping the temporal features, dimensions, structure, contents, and themes of so-called 'organic' mental symptoms

2) comparing them with similar complaints as they appear in schizophrenia, mania, obsessive compulsive disorder, dissociative disorder, etc.

3) searching for alternative aetiological mechanisms (e.g. psychogenicity)

4) studying their epistemological import, i.e. how informative are they in regards to their own aetiology and natural history.

Research Focus



psychiatric symptoms

neurological symptoms

Clinical conditions


Cognitive impairment



Huntington's disease

Multiple sclerosis

Obsessive compulsive disorder

Parkinson's disease



Behavioural analysis

Computational modelling

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

Neuropsychological testing

Positron Emission Tomography (PET)

Randomised control trials


No collaborators listed

Associated News Items



    Berrios G (2014), “'Febrile anxiety', by Robert James (1745): with an introduction by.” Hist Psychiatry 25(1):112-24 Details

    López M, Olivares JM, Berrios GE (2014), “Pellagra encephalopathy in the context of alcoholism: review and case report.” Alcohol Alcohol 49(1):38-41 Details


    Berrios G (2013), “Forbes Winslow and his Journal: With an introduction by.” Hist Psychiatry 24(4):492-501 Details

    Berrios G (2013), “Retrospective diagnosis and its vicissitudes.” Hist Psychiatry 24(1):126-8 Details

    Berrios GE, Marková IS (2013), “Is the concept of "dimension" applicable to psychiatric objects?” World Psychiatry 12(1):76-8 Details


    Marková IS, Berrios GE (2012), “Epistemology of psychiatry.” Psychopathology 45(4):220-7 Details

    Weber MM, Berrios GE, Engstrom EJ (2012), “Psychiatry and neuroscience - history.” Handb Clin Neurol 106:1-7 Details


    Berríos GE (2011), “[Psychiatry and its objects].” Rev Psiquiatr Salud Ment 4(4):179-82 Details

    Berrios GE (2011), “Eugen Bleuler's place in the history of psychiatry.” Schizophr Bull 37(6):1095-8 Details

    Lorente-Rovira E, McKenna PJ, Berrios GE, Villagrán-Moreno JM, Moro-Ipola M (2011), “[Confabulations (II): explicative models].” Actas Esp Psiquiatr 39(6):384-92 Details


    Berrios GE (2010), “[How to write a useful history of schizophrenia].” Vertex 21(93):349-58 Details

    O'Shea R, Poz R, Michael A, Berrios GE, Evans JJ, Rubinsztein JS (2010), “Ecologically valid cognitive tests and everyday functioning in euthymic bipolar disorder patients.” J Affect Disord 125(1-3):336-40 Details


    Alvarez Ariza M, Mateos Alvarez R, Berrios GE (2009), “A review of the natural course of bipolar disorders (manic-depressive psychosis) in the pre-drug era: review of studies prior to 1950.” J Affect Disord 115(3):293-301 Details

    Barrera A, McKenna PJ, Berrios GE (2009), “Formal thought disorder, neuropsychology and insight in schizophrenia.” Psychopathology 42(4):264-9 Details

    Berrios GE (2009), “'On alterations in the form of speech and on the formation of new words and expressions in madness' by L. Snell (1852).” Hist Psychiatry 20(80 Pt 4):480-96 Details

    Castagnini A, Berrios GE (2009), “Acute and transient psychotic disorders (ICD-10 F23): a review from a European perspective.” Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 259(8):433-43 Details

    Marková IS, Berrios GE (2009), “Epistemology of mental symptoms.” Psychopathology 42(6):343-9 Details

    Marková IS, Jaafari N, Berrios GE (2009), “Insight and obsessive-compulsive disorder: a conceptual analysis.” Psychopathology 42(5):277-82 Details

    Obiols JE, Berrios GE (2009), “The historical roots of Theory of Mind: the work of James Mark Baldwin.” Hist Psychiatry 20(79 Pt 3):377-92 Details


    Baillarger J, Berrios GE (2008), “'Essay on a classification of different genera of insanity'. 1853.” Hist Psychiatry 19(75 Pt 3):358-73 Details

    Barrera A, McKenna PJ, Berrios GE (2008), “Two new scales of formal thought disorder in schizophrenia.” Psychiatry Res 157(1-3):225-34 Details

    Castagnini A, Bertelsen A, Berrios GE (2008), “Incidence and diagnostic stability of ICD-10 acute and transient psychotic disorders.” Compr Psychiatry 49(3):255-61 Details

    Craig KJ, Hietanen H, Markova IS, Berrios GE (2008), “The Irritability Questionnaire: a new scale for the measurement of irritability.” Psychiatry Res 159(3):367-75 Details


    Berrios GE (2007), “'The clinico-diagnostic perspective in psychopathology' by K Kahlbaum.” Hist Psychiatry 18(70 Pt 2):231-3 Details

    Berrios GE (2007), “'The varieties of effects resulting from such morbific causes as are capable of rendering more vivid the feelings of the mind' by S. Hibbert (1825).” Hist Psychiatry 18(1):103-21 Details

    Castagnini A, Bertelsen A, Munk-Jřrgensen P, Berrios GE (2007), “The relationship of reactive psychosis and ICD-10 acute and transient psychotic disorders: evidence from a case register-based comparison.” Psychopathology 40(1):47-53 Details

    Consoli A, Soultanian C, Tanguy ML, Laurent C, Perisse D, Luque R, Berrios GE, Cohen D (2007), “Cotard's syndrome in adolescents and young adults is associated with an increased risk of bipolar disorder.” Bipolar Disord 9(6):665-8 Details

    Lorente-Rovira E, Pomarol-Clotet E, McCarthy RA, Berrios GE, McKenna PJ (2007), “Confabulation in schizophrenia and its relationship to clinical and neuropsychological features of the disorder.” Psychol Med 37(10):1403-12 Details

    Torres A, Olivares JM, Rodriguez A, Vaamonde A, Berrios GE (2007), “An analysis of the cognitive deficit of schizophrenia based on the Piaget developmental theory.” Compr Psychiatry 48(4):376-9 Details


    Berrios GE (2006), “'Mind in general' by Sir Alexander Crichton.” Hist Psychiatry 17(68 Pt 4):469-86 Details

    Berrios GE, Rivičre L (2006), “'Madness from the womb'.” Hist Psychiatry 17(66 Pt 2):223-35 Details

    García-Caballero A, García-Lado I, González-Hermida J, Recimil M, Area R, Manes F, Lamas S, Berrios G (2006), “Validation of the Spanish version of the Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination in a rural community in Spain.” Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 21(3):239-45 Details

    Marková IS, Berrios GE (2006), “Approaches to the assessment of awareness: conceptual issues.” Neuropsychol Rehabil 16(4):439-55 Details


    Barrera A, McKenna PJ, Berrios GE (2005), “Formal thought disorder in schizophrenia: an executive or a semantic deficit?” Psychol Med 35(1):121-32 Details

    Berrios GE (2005), “Phthisical insanity by T.S. Clouston.” Hist Psychiatry 16(Pt 4 (no 64)):473-9 Details

    Berrios GE (2005), “On the fantastic apparitions of vision by Johannes Müller.” Hist Psychiatry 16(62 Pt 2):229-46 Details

    Berrios GE (2005), “Excerpt from Medicinische Psychologie oder Physiologie der Seele by Dr Rudolph Hermann Lotze.” Hist Psychiatry 16(61 Pt 1):117-27 Details

    Dudas RB, Berrios GE, Hodges JR (2005), “The Addenbrooke's cognitive examination (ACE) in the differential diagnosis of early dementias versus affective disorder.” Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 13(3):218-26 Details


    Berrios GE (2004), “Of Mania: introduction (Classic text no. 57).” Hist Psychiatry 15(57 Pt 1):105-24 Details

    Berrios GE (2004), “[Epistemology and history of psychiatry].” Vertex 15(55):29-37 Details

    Michal M, Sann U, Niebecker M, Lazanowsky C, Kernhof K, Aurich S, Overbeck G, Sierra M, Berrios GE (2004), “[The measurement of the depersonalisation-derealisation-syndrome with the German version of the Cambridge Depersonalisation Scale (CDS)].” Psychother Psychosom Med Psychol 54(9-10):367-74 Details


    Berrios GE (2003), “The insanities of the third age: a conceptual history of paraphrenia.” J Nutr Health Aging 7(6):394-9 Details

    Berrios GE (2003), “Our knowledge of anancasm (psychic compulsive states).” Hist Psychiatry 14(53 Pt 1):113-28 Details

    Ihara H, Berrios GE, McKenna PJ (2003), “The association between negative and dysexecutive syndromes in schizophrenia: a cross-cultural study.” Behav Neurol 14(3-4):63-74 Details

    Marková IS, Roberts KH, Gallagher C, Boos H, McKenna PJ, Berrios GE (2003), “Assessment of insight in psychosis: a re-standardization of a new scale.” Psychiatry Res 119(1-2):81-8 Details

    Sato Y, Berrios GE (2003), “Extracampine hallucinations.” Lancet 361(9367):1479-80 Details


    Berrios GE (2002), “Bioterrorism.” J R Soc Med 95(12):630 Details

    Berrios GE, Kennedy N (2002), “Erotomania: a conceptual history.” Hist Psychiatry 13(52 Pt 4):381-400 Details

    Berrios GE, Marková IS (2002), “The concept of neuropsychiatry: a historical overview.” J Psychosom Res 53(2):629-38 Details

    Berrios GE, Marková IS (2002), “Assessment and measurement in neuropsychiatry: a conceptual history.” Semin Clin Neuropsychiatry 7(1):3-10 Details

    Berrios GE, Wagle AC, Marková IS, Wagle SA, Rosser A, Hodges JR (2002), “Psychiatric symptoms in neurologically asymptomatic Huntington's disease gene carriers: a comparison with gene negative at risk subjects.” Acta Psychiatr Scand 105(3):224-30 Details

    Clare L, Wilson BA, Carter G, Breen K, Berrios GE, Hodges JR (2002), “Depression and anxiety in memory clinic attenders and their carers: implications for evaluating the effectiveness of cognitive rehabilitation interventions.” Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 17(10):962-7 Details

    Gaupp R, Berrios GE (2002), “About the limits of psychiatric knowledge. Classic Text No. 51.” Hist Psychiatry 13(51 Pt 3):327-38 Details

    Kennedy N, McDonough M, Kelly B, Berrios GE (2002), “Erotomania revisited: clinical course and treatment.” Compr Psychiatry 43(1):1-6 Details

    Wilmanns K, Berrios GE, Kraam A (2002), “Ewald Hecker (1843-1909).” Hist Psychiatry 13(52 Pt 4):455-65 Details


    Berrios GE (2001), “The factors of insanities: J. Hughlings Jackson. Classic Text No. 47.” Hist Psychiatry 12(47 Pt 3):353-73 Details

    Berrios GE, Wagle AC, Marková IS, Wagle SA, Ho LW, Rubinsztein DC, Whittaker J, Ffrench-Constant C, Kershaw A, Rosser A, Bak T, Hodges JR (2001), “Psychiatric symptoms and CAG repeats in neurologically asymptomatic Huntington's disease gene carriers.” Psychiatry Res 102(3):217-25 Details

    Calderon J, Perry RJ, Erzinclioglu SW, Berrios GE, Dening TR, Hodges JR (2001), “Perception, attention, and working memory are disproportionately impaired in dementia with Lewy bodies compared with Alzheimer's disease.” J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 70(2):157-64 Details

    Kim Y, Berrios GE (2001), “Impact of the term schizophrenia on the culture of ideograph: the Japanese experience.” Schizophr Bull 27(2):181-5 Details

    Marková IS, Berrios GE (2001), “The 'object' of insight assessment: relationship to insight 'structure'.” Psychopathology 34(5):245-52 Details

    Sierra M, Berrios GE (2001), “The phenomenological stability of depersonalization: comparing the old with the new.” J Nerv Ment Dis 189(9):629-36 Details


    Fuentenebro F, Berrios GE (2000), “Introduction: Jules Seglas and 'hallucinatory obsessions'.” Hist Psychiatry 11(41 Pt 1):107-12 Details

    Gaupp R, Berrios GE, Pomarol-Clotet E (2000), “Depressive states in old age. (Classic Text No. 42).” Hist Psychiatry 11(42 Pt 2):213-25 Details

    Ihara H, Berrios GE, London M (2000), “Group and case study of the dysexecutive syndrome in alcoholism without amnesia.” J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 68(6):731-7 Details

    Ihara H, Berrios GE, McKenna PJ (2000), “Dysexecutive syndrome in schizophrenia: A cross-cultural comparison between Japanese and British patients.” Behav Neurol 12(4):209-220 Details

    Kirkby KC, Berrios GE, Daniels BA, Menzies RG, Clark A, Romano A (2000), “Process-outcome analysis in computer-aided treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder.” Compr Psychiatry 41(4):259-65 Details

    Mathuranath PS, Nestor PJ, Berrios GE, Rakowicz W, Hodges JR (2000), “A brief cognitive test battery to differentiate Alzheimer's disease and frontotemporal dementia.” Neurology 55(11):1613-20 Details

    Sierra M, Berrios GE (2000), “The Cambridge Depersonalization Scale: a new instrument for the measurement of depersonalization.” Psychiatry Res 93(2):153-64 Details

    Wagle AC, Ho LW, Wagle SA, Berrios GE (2000), “Psychometric behaviour of BDI in Alzheimer's disease patients with depression.” Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 15(1):63-9 Details


    Berrios GE (1999), “'Delire':Diderot and D'Alembert (Translated from french article)” Hist Psychiatry 10(40 Pt 4):525-41 Details

    Berrios GE (1999), “Pieterson's Haematoma auris.” Hist Psychiatry 10(39 Pt 3):371-83 Details

    Berrios GE (1999), “J.C. Prichard and the concept of "moral insanity". Classic text no.37.” Hist Psychiatry 10(37):111-26 Details

    Berrios GE (1999), “Towards a new descriptive psychopathology: a sine qua non for neurobiological research in psychiatry.” Brain Res Bull 50(5-6):457-8 Details

    Berrios GE (1999), “New drug treatments in psychiatric disease.” J R Coll Physicians Lond 33(4):306-10 Details

    Berrios GE (1999), “Falret, Séglas, Morselli, and Masselon, and the "language of the insane": a conceptual history.” Brain Lang 69(1):56-75 Details

    Berrios GE (1999), “Classifications in psychiatry: a conceptual history.” Aust N Z J Psychiatry 33(2):145-60 Details

    Berrios GE, Luque R (1999), “Cotard's "On hypochondriacal delusions in a severe form of anxious melancholia".” Hist Psychiatry 10(38 Pt 2):269-78 Details

    Sierra M, Berrios GE (1999), “Flashbulb memories and other repetitive images: a psychiatric perspective.” Compr Psychiatry 40(2):115-25 Details

    Wagle AC, Berrios GE, Ho L (1999), “The cognitive failures questionnaire in psychiatry.” Compr Psychiatry 40(6):478-84 Details


    Berrios GE (1998), “Confabulations: a conceptual history.” J Hist Neurosci 7(3):225-41 Details

    Berrios GE (1998), “'On the pathology of convulsions,' by Sir J.R. Reynolds. (Classical Text No. 36)” Hist Psychiatry 9(36):509-22 Details

    Berrios GE (1998), “Kuhnian pastiche.” Nature 391(6665):326 Details

    Olivares JM, Berrios GE (1998), “The anhedonias: Clinical and neurobiological aspects.” Int J Psychiatry Clin Pract 2(3):157-71 Details

    Sierra M, Berrios GE (1998), “Depersonalization: neurobiological perspectives.” Biol Psychiatry 44(9):898-908 Details


    Berrios GE (1997), “The origins of psychosurgery: Shaw, Burckhardt and Moniz.” Hist Psychiatry 8(29 pt 1):61-81 Details

    Berrios GE (1997), “The scientific origins of electroconvulsive therapy: a conceptual history.” Hist Psychiatry 8(29 pt 1):105-19 Details

    Berrios GE, Fuentenebro F (1997), “Charles Blondel and La conscience morbide.” Hist Psychiatry 8(30 Pt 2):277-95 Details

    Berrios GE, Sierra M (1997), “Depersonalization: a conceptual history.” Hist Psychiatry 8(30 Pt 2):213-29 Details

    Pick A, Girling DM, Berrios GE (1997), “On the symptomatology of left-sided temporal lobe atrophy. Classic Text No. 29. (Translated and annotated by D.M. Girling and G.E. Berrios.)” Hist Psychiatry 8(29 pt 1):149-59 Details


    Berrios GE (1996), “Essay review: Sleep, dreams and the symptoms of madness.” Hist Psychiatry 7(25):183-92 Details

    Berrios GE, Dening TR (1996), “Pseudohallucinations: a conceptual history.” Psychol Med 26(4):753-63 Details

    Berrios GE, Kan CS (1996), “A conceptual and quantitative analysis of 178 historical cases of dysmorphophobia.” Acta Psychiatr Scand 94(1):1-7 Details

    Berrios GE, Olivares JM (1996), “[The scientific origin of ECT: a conceptual history].” Actas Luso Esp Neurol Psiquiatr Cienc Afines 24(5):269-77 Details

    Chen E, Berrios GE (1996), “Recognition of hallucinations: a new multidimensional model and methodology.” Psychopathology 29(1):54-63 Details

    Dening TR, Berrios GE (1996), “The enigma of pseudohallucinations: current meanings and usage.” Psychopathology 29(1):27-34 Details

    Dugas L, Sierra M, Berrios GE (1996), “Un cas de dépersonnalisation. Introduction by M. Sierra and G. E. Berrios.” Hist Psychiatry 7(27 pt 3):451-61 Details

    Kahlbaum KL, Berrios GE (1996), “Die Gruppirung der psychischen Krankheiten ... Part III (The classification of mental disorders .. Part III). Translated and with an introduction by G. E. Berrios.” Hist Psychiatry 7(25):167-81 Details

    Viviani R, Berrios GE (1996), “Introduction to 'On the pathology of the consciousness of the self'.” Hist Psychiatry 7(26 Pt 2):319-32 Details


    Berrios GE (1995), “Lad Haskovec and akathisia: an introduction.” Hist Psychiatry 6(22 Pt 2):243-51 Details

    Berrios GE (1995), “Déjŕ vu in France during the 19th century: a conceptual history.” Compr Psychiatry 36(2):123-9 Details

    Berrios GE, Campbell C, Politynska BE (1995), “Autonomic failure, depression and anxiety in Parkinson's disease.” Br J Psychiatry 166(6):789-92 Details

    Berrios GE, Fuentenebro F, Chaslin P (1995), “Philippe Chaslin and descriptive psychopathology. Is 'psychiatry' a well made language?” Hist Psychiatry 6(23 Pt 3):395-405 Details

    Berrios GE, Gili M (1995), “Abulia and impulsiveness revisited: a conceptual history.” Acta Psychiatr Scand 92(3):161-7 Details

    Berrios GE, Luque R (1995), “Cotard's delusion or syndrome?: a conceptual history.” Compr Psychiatry 36(3):218-23 Details

    Berrios GE, Luque R (1995), “Cotard's syndrome: analysis of 100 cases.” Acta Psychiatr Scand 91(3):185-8 Details

    Berrios GE, Olivares JM (1995), “The anhedonias: a conceptual history.” Hist Psychiatry 6(24 Pt 4):453-70 Details

    Chen EY, Shapleske J, Luque R, McKenna PJ, Hodges JR, Calloway SP, Hymas NF, Dening TR, Berrios GE (1995), “The Cambridge Neurological Inventory: a clinical instrument for assessment of soft neurological signs in psychiatric patients.” Psychiatry Res 56(2):183-204 Details

    Fuentenebro F, Berrios GE (1995), “The predelusional state: a conceptual history.” Compr Psychiatry 36(4):251-9 Details

    Marková IS, Berrios GE (1995), “Insight in clinical psychiatry. A new model.” J Nerv Ment Dis 183(12):743-51 Details

    Marková IS, Berrios GE (1995), “Insight in clinical psychiatry revisited.” Compr Psychiatry 36(5):367-76 Details

    Marková IS, Berrios GE (1995), “Mental symptoms: are they similar phenomena? The problem of symptom heterogeneity.” Psychopathology 28(3):147-57 Details


    Berrios GE, Beer D (1994), “The notion of a unitary psychosis: a conceptual history.” Hist Psychiatry 5(17 Pt 1):13-36 Details

    Berrios GE, Girling DM (1994), “Introduction: Pick's disease and the 'frontal lobe' dementias.” Hist Psychiatry 5(20 Pt 4):539-47 Details

    Dening TR, Berrios GE (1994), “Autoscopic phenomena.” Br J Psychiatry 165(6):808-17 Details

    Marková IS, Berrios GE (1994), “Delusional misidentifications: facts and fancies.” Psychopathology 27(3-5):136-43 Details


    Berrios GE (1993), “Phenomenology and psychopathology: was there ever a relationship?” Compr Psychiatry 34(4):213-20 Details

    Berrios GE (1993), “Towards a new historiography of psychiatry.” Occas Pap Med Hist Aust 6:159-74 Details

    Berrios GE (1993), “European views on personality disorders: a conceptual history.” Compr Psychiatry 34(1):14-30 Details

    Berrios GE, Chen EY (1993), “Recognising psychiatric symptoms. Relevance to the diagnostic process.” Br J Psychiatry 163:308-14 Details

    Berrios GE, Shapiro CM (1993), “ABC of sleep disorders. "I don't get enough sleep, doctor".” BMJ 306(6881):843-6 Details

    Bulbena A, Berrios GE (1993), “Cognitive function in the affective disorders: a prospective study.” Psychopathology 26(1):6-12 Details

    O'Brien PD, Berrios GE (1993), “Concurrent psychotropic medication has no negative influence on the outcome of electroconvulsive therapy.” Encephale 19(4):347-9 Details


    Berrios GE (1992), “Effect of ECT on insulin.” Br J Psychiatry 161:575 Details

    Berrios GE (1992), “Phenomenology, psychopathology and Jaspers: a conceptual history.” Hist Psychiatry 3(11):303-27 Details

    Berrios GE, Bulbena A, Bakshi N, Dening TR, Jenaway A, Markar H, Martin-Santos R, Mitchell SL (1992), “Feelings of guilt in major depression. Conceptual and psychometric aspects.” Br J Psychiatry 160:781-7 Details

    Lam CW, Berrios GE (1992), “Psychological concepts and psychiatric symptomatology in some ancient Chinese medical texts.” Hist Psychiatry 3(9):117-28 Details

    Marková IS, Berrios GE (1992), “The assessment of insight in clinical psychiatry: a new scale.” Acta Psychiatr Scand 86(2):159-64 Details

    Marková IS, Berrios GE (1992), “The meaning of insight in clinical psychiatry.” Br J Psychiatry 160:850-60 Details


    Berrios GE (1991), “Delusions as "wrong beliefs": a conceptual history.” Br J Psychiatry Suppl (14):6-13 Details

    Berrios GE (1991), “French views on positive and negative symptoms: a conceptual history.” Compr Psychiatry 32(5):395-403 Details

    Berrios GE (1991), “Musical hallucinations: a statistical analysis of 46 cases.” Psychopathology 24(6):356-60 Details

    Berrios GE, Bakshi N (1991), “Manic and depressive symptoms in the elderly: their relationships to treatment outcome, cognition and motor symptoms.” Psychopathology 24(1):31-8 Details

    Dowson JH, Berrios GE (1991), “Factor structure of DSM-III-R personality disorders shown by self-report questionnaire: implications for classifying and assessing personality disorders.” Acta Psychiatr Scand 84(6):555-60 Details

    Hoche A, Dening RG, Dening TR, Berrios GE (1991), “The significance of symptom complexes in psychiatry.” Hist Psychiatry 2(7):329-43 Details


    Berrios GE (1990), “Feelings of fatigue and psychopathology: a conceptual history.” Compr Psychiatry 31(2):140-51 Details

    Berrios GE (1990), “Musical hallucinations. A historical and clinical study.” Br J Psychiatry 156:188-94 Details

    Berrios GE (1990), “A British contribution to the history of functional brain surgery.” J Psychopharmacol 4(3):140-4 Details

    Berrios GE, Bulbena-Villarasa A (1990), “The Hamilton Depression Scale and the numerical description of the symptoms of depression.” Psychopharmacol Ser 9:80-92 Details

    Berrios GE, Canagasabey AF (1990), “Depression, Eye Blink Rate, Psychomotor Retardation, and Electroconvulsive Therapy-Enhanced Dopamine Receptor Sensitivity.” Convuls Ther 6(3):224-230 Details

    Berrios GE, Dening TR (1990), “Biological and quantitative issues in neuropsychiatry.” Behav Neurol 3(4):247-59 Details

    Berrios GE, Mohanna M (1990), “Durkheim and French psychiatric views on suicide during the 19th century. A conceptual history.” Br J Psychiatry 156:1-9 Details

    Berrios GE, Quemada JI (1990), “Andre G. Ombredane and the psychiatry of multiple sclerosis: a conceptual and statistical history.” Compr Psychiatry 31(5):438-46 Details

    Berrios GE, Quemada JI (1990), “Depressive illness in multiple sclerosis. Clinical and theoretical aspects of the association.” Br J Psychiatry 156:10-6 Details

    Dening TR, Berrios GE (1990), “Wilson's disease: a longitudinal study of psychiatric symptoms.” Biol Psychiatry 28(3):255-65 Details

    Dening TR, Berrios GE (1990), “Eponymous confusion over Bruno Fleischer.” Lancet 335(8684):291 Details

    Girling DM, Berrios GE (1990), “Extrapyramidal signs, primitive reflexes and frontal lobe function in senile dementia of the Alzheimer type.” Br J Psychiatry 157:888-93 Details

    Tamburini A, Berrios GE (1990), “A theory of hallucinations.” Hist Psychiatry 1(1 Pt 1):145-6 Details


    Berrios GE (1989), “What is phenomenology? A review.” J R Soc Med 82(7):425-8 Details

    Berrios GE (1989), “Obsessive-compulsive disorder: its conceptual history in France during the 19th century.” Compr Psychiatry 30(4):283-95 Details

    Berrios GE (1989), “Non-cognitive symptoms and the diagnosis of dementia. Historical and clinical aspects.” Br J Psychiatry Suppl (4):11-6 Details

    Berrios GE, Chiu H (1989), “Obsessive-compulsive disorders in Cambridgeshire. A follow-up study of up to 20 years.” Br J Psychiatry Suppl (4):17-20 Details

    Dening TR, Berrios GE (1989), “Wilson's disease: clinical groups in 400 cases.” Acta Neurol Scand 80(6):527-34 Details

    Dening TR, Berrios GE (1989), “Wilson's disease. Psychiatric symptoms in 195 cases.” Arch Gen Psychiatry 46(12):1126-34 Details

    Dening TR, Berrios GE (1989), “Wilson's disease: a prospective study of psychopathology in 31 cases.” Br J Psychiatry 155:206-13 Details

    Dening TR, Berrios GE (1989), “Potential confusion of neuroleptic malignant syndrome and Wilson's disease.” Lancet 2(8653):43 Details


    Berrios GE (1988), “Melancholia and depression during the 19th century: a conceptual history.” Br J Psychiatry 153:298-304 Details

    Berrios GE, Hauser R (1988), “The early development of Kraepelin's ideas on classification: a conceptual history.” Psychol Med 18(4):813-21 Details

    Berrios GE, Ryley JP, Garvey TP, Moffat DA (1988), “Psychiatric morbidity in subjects with inner ear disease.” Clin Otolaryngol Allied Sci 13(4):259-66 Details

    Dening TR, Berrios GE, Walshe JM (1988), “Wilson's disease and epilepsy.” Brain 111 ( Pt 5):1139-55 Details


    Berrios GE (1987), “Dementia during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries: a conceptual history.” Psychol Med 17(4):829-37 Details

    Berrios GE (1987), “Historical aspects of psychoses: 19th century issues.” Br Med Bull 43(3):484-98 Details

    Berrios GE, Bulbena A (1987), “Post psychotic depression: the Fulbourn cohort.” Acta Psychiatr Scand 76(1):89-93 Details

    Berrios GE, Samuel C (1987), “Affective disorder in the neurological patient.” J Nerv Ment Dis 175(3):173-6 Details

    Miller E, Berrios GE, Politynska B (1987), “The adverse effect of benzhexol on memory in Parkinson's disease.” Acta Neurol Scand 76(4):278-82 Details


    Berrios GE (1986), “Temporary urinary incontinence in the acute psychiatric patient without delirium or dementia.” Br J Psychiatry 149:224-7 Details

    Berrios GE (1986), “Presbyophrenia: the rise and fall of a concept.” Psychol Med 16(2):267-75 Details

    Berrios GE (1986), “Urinary incontinence and the psychopathology of the elderly with cognitive failure.” Gerontology 32(2):119-24 Details

    Berrios GE, Bulbena A, Martinez AR, Ortega Gazo D, Castellanos Llorens JM, Lozano CD (1986), “Significant rise in plasma insulin after electroconvulsive therapy.” Acta Psychiatr Scand 74(2):222-4 Details

    Berrios GE, Sage G (1986), “Patients who break their fast before ECT.” Br J Psychiatry 149:294-5 Details

    Bulbena A, Berrios GE (1986), “Pseudodementia: facts and figures.” Br J Psychiatry 148:87-94 Details


    Berrios GE (1985), “The psychopathology of affectivity: conceptual and historical aspects.” Psychol Med 15(4):745-58 Details

    Berrios GE (1985), “Delusional parasitosis and physical disease.” Compr Psychiatry 26(5):395-403 Details

    Berrios GE (1985), “Presbyophrenia: clinical aspects.” Br J Psychiatry 147:76-9 Details

    Berrios GE (1985), “"Depressive pseudodementia" or "Melancholic dementia": a 19th century view.” J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 48(5):393-400 Details

    Berrios GE (1985), “Positive and negative symptoms and Jackson. A conceptual history.” Arch Gen Psychiatry 42(1):95-7 Details

    Berrios GE, Brook P (1985), “Delusions and the psychopathology of the elderly with dementia.” Acta Psychiatr Scand 72(3):296-301 Details

    Berrios GE, Leysen A, Samuel C, Dowson J (1985), “Psychiatric morbidity following total and partial thyroidectomy.” Acta Psychiatr Scand 72(4):369-73 Details


    Berrios GE (1984), “Epilepsy and insanity during the early 19th century. A conceptual history.” Arch Neurol 41(9):978-81 Details

    Berrios GE (1984), “Descriptive psychopathology: conceptual and historical aspects.” Psychol Med 14(2):303-13 Details

    Berrios GE, Brook P (1984), “Visual hallucinations and sensory delusions in the elderly.” Br J Psychiatry 144:662-4 Details

    Berrios GE, Morley SJ (1984), “Koro-like symptom in a non-Chinese subject.” Br J Psychiatry 145:331-4 Details

    Das M, Berrios GE (1984), “Dexamethasone suppression test in acute grief reaction.” Acta Psychiatr Scand 70(3):278-81 Details


    Berrios GE (1983), “Orientation failures in medicine and psychiatry: discussion paper.” J R Soc Med 76(5):379-85 Details

    Katona CL, Berrios GE (1983), “Low and high energy ECT.” Br J Psychiatry 142:426 Details


    Berrios GE (1982), “Disorientation states and psychiatry.” Compr Psychiatry 23(5):479-91 Details

    Berrios GE (1982), “Tactile hallucinations: conceptual and historical aspects.” J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 45(4):285-93 Details

    Berrios GE (1982), “Neuroleptic-refractory patients and their drug plasma levels.” Encephale 8(4):465-85 Details

    Berrios GE, Brook P (1982), “The Charles Bonnet syndrome and the problem of visual perceptual disorders in the elderly.” Age Ageing 11(1):17-23 Details


    Berrios GE (1981), “Delirium and confusion in the 19th century: a conceptual history.” Br J Psychiatry 139:439-49 Details

    Berrios GE (1981), “Stupor: a conceptual history.” Psychol Med 11(4):677-88 Details

    Berrios GE (1981), “Stupor revisited.” Compr Psychiatry 22(5):466-78 Details


    Berrios GE (1974), “[Not Available].” Rev Occidente 137:62-74 Details