Bowmaker JK, Dartnall HJ, Lythgoe JN, Mollon JD (1978) “The visual pigments of rods and cones in the rhesus monkey, Macaca mulatta.” J Physiol 274:329-48
1. New microspectrophotometric measurements have been made of the photo-pigments of individual rods and cones from the retina of the rhesus monkey (Macaca mulatta). The measuring beam was passed transversely through isolated outer segments. 2. The transverse absorbance for rods ranged from 0.02 to 0.04 and that for cones from 0.01 to 0.03. 3. The mean absorbance spectrum for rods (n = 25) had a peak of 502 +/- 2.7 nm. A digitonin extract from the same group of eyes gave a lambda-max. of 499 +/- 1 nm. 4. Of a sample of 82 cones, 40 were 'red' (P565 nm) and 42 were 'green' (P536 nm). The mean absorbance spectrum for the green cones is very similar to the Dartnall nomogram, but that for the red cones is narrower. 5. No bleachable, blue-sensitive outer segments were recorded, although structures were found that absorbed at short wave-lengths and were neither photosensitive nor dichroic. 6. If the long wave-length and middle wave-length cone pigments of the rhesus monkey are assumed to be identical to those of man and if additional assumptions are made about the lengths of human outer segments and about prereceptoral absorption, it is possible to derive psychophysical sensitivities that closely resemble the pi5 and pi4 mechanisms of W. S. Stiles.
|Online links:||Available online from HighWire|
|Publication type:||Journal Article|
|Publication status:||In print|
|Publication date:||1978 Jan|
|Record status:||PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE|