Sivagnanasundaram S, Morris AG, Gaitonde EJ, McKenna PJ, Mollon JD, Hunt DM (2000) “A cluster of single nucleotide polymorphisms in the 5'-leader of the human dopamine D3 receptor gene (DRD3) and its relationship to schizophrenia.” Neurosci Lett 279(1):13-6
The association between schizophrenia and the Ser9Gly variant of the dopamine D3 receptor gene (DRD3) has been the subject of numerous studies. Under meta-analysis this site, or one or more in linkage disequilibrium with it, appears to contribute a small increase to the relative risk of schizophrenia. In this study, 768 bp of the 5'-leader region of DRD3 mRNA was screened for polymorphisms to assess their contribution to the association of DRD3 with schizophrenia. A cluster of three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) was identified in tight linkage disequilibrium with each other and with the Ser9Gly polymorphism. One of the 5'-leader SNPs encodes a Lys9Glu variant within a 36 amino acid residue stretch of an upstream open reading frame (uORF). Two common haplotypes are found in the population examined; one is linked to the Ser9 coding variant and the other to the Gly9 variant. A panel of 73 schizophrenic patients and 56 matched controls recruited from the East Anglia region of the United Kingdom was screened for disease association at these sites. Since the 5'-leader and coding sites are in tight disequilibrium, the combined genotype of all 4 sites was scored for each patient. A significant association was seen between disease and the frequency distribution of these genotypes (chi2 = 13.19, d.f. = 3, P = 0.0042; Cochran method for sparse cells applied). A 20% excess of one of the heterozygous genotypes, in which the sequences differ at three of the four SNPs, including Ser9/Gly9 in the receptor and Lys9/Glu9 in the uORF, was found in the patient group. An absence of association of disease with the Ser9Gly polymorphism had previously been reported for this panel. This suggests that these SNPs and the corresponding coding changes may exert a combined or synergistic effect on susceptibility to schizophrenia.
|Online links:||Available online from Elsevier Science|
|Publication type:||Journal Article|
|Publication status:||In print|
|Publication date:||2000 Jan 21|
|Record status:||PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE|