Dr Trevor Wardill

Trevor Wardill

University position

BBSRC David Phillips Fellow

Dr Trevor Wardill is pleased to consider applications from prospective PhD students.


Department of Physiology, Development and Neuroscience



Research Themes

Cognitive and Behavioural Neuroscience

Systems and Computational Neuroscience


I am a sensory neurobiologist. I investigate evolution of dynamic cephalopod iridescence and colour vision in flies, how they evolved, how they function and what purpose they serve in the ecology of the animal. In particular, I am interested in understanding how squids generate skin patterns and colour changes though dynamic iridescence and how flies use their colour vision to avoid predation or find mates and food. I use advanced methods in genetics, 2-photon imaging and behavioural quantification and are seeking interest from PhD students starting in 2015.

Research Focus


Calcium imaging

Transgenic animals

Vision Research


Crop protection

Clinical conditions

No direct clinical relevance


2-photon microscopy

Calcium imaging

Confocal microscopy

Electrophysiological recording techniques

Field potential recording

Fluorescence microscopy

High Speed 3D imaging

Intracellular recording




Paloma Gonzalez-Bellido

Associated News Items



Gonzalez-Bellido PT, Wardill TJ, Buresch KC, Ulmer KM, Hanlon RT (2014), “Expression of squid iridescence depends on environmental luminance and peripheral ganglion control.” J Exp Biol 217(Pt 6):850-8 Details


Akerboom J, Carreras Calderón N, Tian L, Wabnig S, Prigge M, Tolö J, Gordus A, Orger MB, Severi KE, Macklin JJ, Patel R, Pulver SR, Wardill TJ, Fischer E, Schüler C, Chen TW, Sarkisyan KS, Marvin JS, Bargmann CI, Kim DS, Kügler S, Lagnado L, Hegemann P, Gottschalk A, Schreiter ER, Looger LL (2013), “Genetically encoded calcium indicators for multi-color neural activity imaging and combination with optogenetics.” Front Mol Neurosci 6:2 Details

Chen TW, Wardill TJ, Sun Y, Pulver SR, Renninger SL, Baohan A, Schreiter ER, Kerr RA, Orger MB, Jayaraman V, Looger LL, Svoboda K, Kim DS (2013), “Ultrasensitive fluorescent proteins for imaging neuronal activity.” Nature 499(7458):295-300 Details

Wardill TJ, Chen TW, Schreiter ER, Hasseman JP, Tsegaye G, Fosque BF, Behnam R, Shields BC, Ramirez M, Kimmel BE, Kerr RA, Jayaraman V, Looger LL, Svoboda K, Kim DS (2013), “A neuron-based screening platform for optimizing genetically-encoded calcium indicators.” PLoS One 8(10):e77728 Details


Akerboom J, Chen TW, Wardill TJ, Tian L, Marvin JS, Mutlu S, Calderón NC, Esposti F, Borghuis BG, Sun XR, Gordus A, Orger MB, Portugues R, Engert F, Macklin JJ, Filosa A, Aggarwal A, Kerr RA, Takagi R, Kracun S, Shigetomi E, Khakh BS, Baier H, Lagnado L, Wang SS, Bargmann CI, Kimmel BE, Jayaraman V, Svoboda K, Kim DS, Schreiter ER, Looger LL (2012), “Optimization of a GCaMP calcium indicator for neural activity imaging.” J Neurosci 32(40):13819-40 Details

Gonzalez-Bellido PT, Wardill TJ (2012), “Labeling and confocal imaging of neurons in thick invertebrate tissue samples.” Cold Spring Harb Protoc 2012(9):969-83 Details

Wardill TJ, Gonzalez-Bellido PT, Crook RJ, Hanlon RT (2012), “Neural control of tuneable skin iridescence in squid.” Proc Biol Sci 279(1745):4243-52 Details

Wardill TJ, List O, Li X, Dongre S, McCulloch M, Ting CY, O'Kane CJ, Tang S, Lee CH, Hardie RC, Juusola M (2012), “Multiple spectral inputs improve motion discrimination in the Drosophila visual system.” Science 336(6083):925-31 Details


Gonzalez-Bellido PT, Wardill TJ, Juusola M (2011), “Compound eyes and retinal information processing in miniature dipteran species match their specific ecological demands.” Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108(10):4224-9 Details


Gonzalez-Bellido PT, Wardill TJ, Kostyleva R, Meinertzhagen IA, Juusola M (2009), “Overexpressing temperature-sensitive dynamin decelerates phototransduction and bundles microtubules in Drosophila photoreceptors.” J Neurosci 29(45):14199-210 Details

Nikolaev A, Zheng L, Wardill TJ, O'Kane CJ, de Polavieja GG, Juusola M (2009), “Network adaptation improves temporal representation of naturalistic stimuli in Drosophila eye: II mechanisms.” PLoS One 4(1):e4306 Details

Zheng L, Nikolaev A, Wardill TJ, O'Kane CJ, de Polavieja GG, Juusola M (2009), “Network adaptation improves temporal representation of naturalistic stimuli in Drosophila eye: I dynamics.” PLoS One 4(1):e4307 Details