Professor Simon Baron-Cohen

Simon Baron-Cohen

University position

Professor

Professor Simon Baron-Cohen is pleased to consider applications from prospective PhD students.

Departments

Department of Psychiatry and Department of Psychology

Institutes

Autism Research Centre

Home page

http://www.autismresearchcentre.com

Research Themes

Developmental Neuroscience

Cognitive and Behavioural Neuroscience

Interests

The Autism Research Centre (ARC), of which I am Director, has 6 programs of research, all focusing on Autism Spectrum Conditions (ASC):

(a) Perception and Cognition (investigating social and non-social cognition and sensory processing);

(b) Neuroscience (using fMRI, DTI, ERP, neuropathology, and TMS);

(c) Genetics and Proteomics (conducting candidate gene association studies, full genome pooled association studies, and mass spectrometry);

(d) Hormones (testing the role of foetal testosterone in typical sexual neural dimorphism and as a causal factor for ASC) ;

(e) Screening and Diagnosis (evaluating screening instruments in infancy and childhood); and

(f) Intervention (conducting 'treatment'-trials).

These are described on the Autism Research Centre website (please see side panel for link).

Support comes from the MRC, the Wellcome Trust, NIHR, the EU, the Nancy Lurie Marks Family Foundation, and Target Autism Genome, among other sources.

Foetus at 15 weeks of age: The Autism Research Centre is measuring foetal testosterone (FT) and following up these infants after birth to test if FT levels predict autism
Foetus at 15 weeks of age: The Autism Research Centre is measuring foetal testosterone (FT) and following up these infants after birth to test if FT levels predict autism
Click image to view full-size

Research Focus

Keywords

Autism

Asperger Syndrome

Social Neuroscience

Neuroendocrine

Psychiatry

Clinical conditions

Asperger Syndrome

Autism

Childhood disorders

Cognitive impairment

Hormonal disorders

Equipment

Behavioural analysis

Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI)

Electroencephalography (EEG)

Electrophysiological recording techniques

Epidemiology

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

Post-mortem neuropathology

Randomised control trials

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS)

Collaborators

Cambridge

Sabine Bahn

Carol Brayne

Ed Bullmore

Jason Caroll

Andrew Dean

Ieuan Hughes

Niko Kriegeskorte

Rick Livesey

John Suckling

United Kingdom

Tony Charman Web: http://Institute of Education

Ian Craig Web: http://www.iop.kcl.ac.uk/

Mark Johnson Web: http://Birkbeck College London

Key publications

Baron-Cohen S, Johnson D, Asher J, Wheelwright S, Fisher SE, Gregersen PK, Allison C (2013), “Is synaesthesia more common in autism?” Mol Autism 4(1):40 Details

Lai MC, Lombardo MV, Baron-Cohen S (2013), “Autism.” Lancet Details

Lai MC, Lombardo MV, Suckling J, Ruigrok AN, Chakrabarti B, Ecker C, Deoni SC, Craig MC, Murphy DG, Bullmore ET, MRC AIMS Consortium, Baron-Cohen S (2013), “Biological sex affects the neurobiology of autism.” Brain 136(Pt 9):2799-815 Details

Warrier V, Baron-Cohen S, Chakrabarti B (2013), “Genetic variation in GABRB3 is associated with Asperger syndrome and multiple endophenotypes relevant to autism.” Mol Autism 4(1):48 Details

Baron-Cohen S, Lombardo MV, Auyeung B, Ashwin E, Chakrabarti B, Knickmeyer R (2011), “Why are autism spectrum conditions more prevalent in males?” PLoS Biol 9(6):e1001081 Details

Chakrabarti B, Kent L, Suckling J, Bullmore E, Baron-Cohen S (2006), “Variations in the human cannabinoid receptor (CNR1) gene modulate striatal response to happy faces” European Journal of Neuroscience 23:1944-1948 Details

Baron-Cohen S, Knickmeyer RC, Belmonte MK (2005), “Sex differences in the brain: implications for explaining autism.” Science 310(5749):819-23 Details

Welchew D, Ashwin C, Berkouk K, Salvador R, Suckling J, Baron-Cohen S, Bullmore E (2005), “Functional dysconnectivity of the medial temporal lobe in autism” Biological Psychiatry 57:991-998 Details

Publications

2013

Auyeung B, Lombardo MV, Baron-Cohen S (2013), “Prenatal and postnatal hormone effects on the human brain and cognition.” Pflugers Arch 465(5):557-71 Details

Baron-Cohen S, Jaffa T, Davies S, Auyeung B, Allison C, Wheelwright S (2013), “Do girls with anorexia nervosa have elevated autistic traits?” Mol Autism 4(1):24 Details

Bedford R, Gliga T, Frame K, Hudry K, Chandler S, Johnson MH, Charman T, BASIS TEAM (2013), “Failure to learn from feedback underlies word learning difficulties in toddlers at risk for autism.” J Child Lang 40(1):29-46 Details

Bethlehem RA, van Honk J, Auyeung B, Baron-Cohen S (2013), “Oxytocin, brain physiology, and functional connectivity: A review of intranasal oxytocin fMRI studies.” Psychoneuroendocrinology 38(7):962-74 Details

Buxbaum JD, Baron-Cohen S (2013), “DSM-5: the debate continues.” Mol Autism 4(1):11 Details

Buxbaum JD, Baron-Cohen S (2013), “Capping four years of growth of Molecular Autism: impact factor coming in 2014.” Mol Autism 4(1):50 Details

Catarino A, Andrade A, Churches O, Wagner AP, Baron-Cohen S, Ring H (2013), “Task-related functional connectivity in autism spectrum conditions: an EEG study using wavelet transform coherence.” Mol Autism 4(1):1 Details

Christakou A, Murphy CM, Chantiluke K, Cubillo AI, Smith AB, Giampietro V, Daly E, Ecker C, Robertson D, MRC AIMS consortium, Murphy DG, Rubia K (2013), “Disorder-specific functional abnormalities during sustained attention in youth with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and with autism.” Mol Psychiatry 18(2):236-44 Details

Clark-Elford R, Nathan PJ, Auyeung B, Voon V, Sule A, Müller U, Dudas R, Sahakian BJ, Phan KL, Baron-Cohen S (2013), “The effects of oxytocin on social reward learning in humans.” Int J Neuropsychopharmacol :1-11 Details

Clifford SM, Hudry K, Elsabbagh M, Charman T, Johnson MH, BASIS Team (2013), “Temperament in the first 2 years of life in infants at high-risk for autism spectrum disorders.” J Autism Dev Disord 43(3):673-86 Details

Ecker C, Ginestet C, Feng Y, Johnston P, Lombardo MV, Lai MC, Suckling J, Palaniyappan L, Daly E, Murphy CM, Williams SC, Bullmore ET, Baron-Cohen S, Brammer M, Murphy DG, MRC AIMS Consortium (2013), “Brain surface anatomy in adults with autism: the relationship between surface area, cortical thickness, and autistic symptoms.” JAMA Psychiatry 70(1):59-70 Details

Ecker C, Ronan L, Feng Y, Daly E, Murphy C, Ginestet CE, Brammer M, Fletcher PC, Bullmore ET, Suckling J, Baron-Cohen S, Williams S, Loth E, MRC AIMS Consortium, Murphy DG (2013), “Intrinsic gray-matter connectivity of the brain in adults with autism spectrum disorder.” Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 110(32):13222-7 Details

Fernández-Abascal EG, Cabello R, Fernández-Berrocal P, Baron-Cohen S (2013), “Test-retest reliability of the 'Reading the Mind in the Eyes' test: a one-year follow-up study.” Mol Autism 4(1):33 Details

Fonville L, Lao-Kaim NP, Giampietro V, Van den Eynde F, Davies H, Lounes N, Andrew C, Dalton J, Simmons A, Williams SC, Baron-Cohen S, Tchanturia K (2013), “Evaluation of enhanced attention to local detail in anorexia nervosa using the embedded figures test; an FMRI study.” PLoS One 8(5):e63964 Details

Gossen A, Groppe SE, Winkler L, Kohls G, Herrington J, Schultz RT, Gründer G, Spreckelmeyer KN (2013), “Neural evidence for an association between social proficiency and sensitivity to social reward.” Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci Details

Gregersen PK, Kowalsky E, Lee A, Baron-Cohen S, Fisher SE, Asher JE, Ballard D, Freudenberg J, Li W (2013), “Absolute pitch exhibits phenotypic and genetic overlap with synesthesia.” Hum Mol Genet 22(10):2097-104 Details

Grove R, Baillie A, Allison C, Baron-Cohen S, Hoekstra RA (2013), “Empathizing, systemizing, and autistic traits: Latent structure in individuals with autism, their parents, and general population controls.” J Abnorm Psychol 122(2):600-9 Details

Lai MC, Lombardo MV, Chakrabarti B, Baron-Cohen S (2013), “Subgrouping the autism "spectrum": reflections on DSM-5.” PLoS Biol 11(4):e1001544 Details

Latham K, Chung ST, Allen PM, Tavassoli T, Baron-Cohen S (2013), “Spatial localisation in autism: evidence for differences in early cortical visual processing.” Mol Autism 4(1):4 Details

Lau YC, Hinkley LB, Bukshpun P, Strominger ZA, Wakahiro ML, Baron-Cohen S, Allison C, Auyeung B, Jeremy RJ, Nagarajan SS, Sherr EH, Marco EJ (2013), “Autism traits in individuals with agenesis of the corpus callosum.” J Autism Dev Disord 43(5):1106-18 Details

Mavranezouli I, Megnin-Viggars O, Cheema N, Howlin P, Baron-Cohen S, Pilling S (2013), “The cost-effectiveness of supported employment for adults with autism in the United Kingdom.” Autism Details

Moseley RL, Mohr B, Lombardo MV, Baron-Cohen S, Hauk O, Pulvermüller F (2013), “Brain and behavioral correlates of action semantic deficits in autism.” Front Hum Neurosci 7:725 Details

Moseley RL, Pulvermüller F, Mohr B, Lombardo MV, Baron-Cohen S, Shtyrov Y (2013), “Brain Routes for Reading in Adults with and without Autism: EMEG Evidence.” J Autism Dev Disord Details

Robertson CE, Kravitz DJ, Freyberg J, Baron-Cohen S, Baker CI (2013), “Tunnel vision: sharper gradient of spatial attention in autism.” J Neurosci 33(16):6776-81 Details

Robertson CE, Kravitz DJ, Freyberg J, Baron-Cohen S, Baker CI (2013), “Slower rate of binocular rivalry in autism.” J Neurosci 33(43):16983-91 Details

Sucksmith E, Allison C, Baron-Cohen S, Chakrabarti B, Hoekstra RA (2013), “Empathy and emotion recognition in people with autism, first-degree relatives, and controls.” Neuropsychologia 51(1):98-105 Details

Sun X, Allison C, Auyeung B, Baron-Cohen S, Brayne C (2013), “A review of healthcare service and education provision of Autism Spectrum Condition in mainland China.” Res Dev Disabil 34(1):469-79 Details

Sun X, Allison C, Auyeung B, Matthews FE, Baron-Cohen S, Brayne C (2013), “The Mandarin Chinese version of the childhood autism spectrum test (CAST): test-retest reliability.” Res Dev Disabil 34(10):3267-75 Details

Sun X, Allison C, Auyeung B, Matthews FE, Murray S, Baron-Cohen S, Brayne C (2013), “Service provision for autism in mainland China: a service providers' perspective.” Res Dev Disabil 34(1):440-51 Details

Sun X, Allison C, Matthews FE, Sharp SJ, Auyeung B, Baron-Cohen S, Brayne C (2013), “Prevalence of autism in mainland China, Hong Kong and Taiwan: a systematic review and meta-analysis.” Mol Autism 4(1):7 Details

Tavassoli T, Miller LJ, Schoen SA, Nielsen DM, Baron-Cohen S (2013), “Sensory over-responsivity in adults with autism spectrum conditions.” Autism Details

Tchanturia K, Smith E, Weineck F, Fidanboylu E, Kern N, Treasure J, Baron Cohen S (2013), “Exploring autistic traits in anorexia: a clinical study.” Mol Autism 4(1):44 Details

von dem Hagen EA, Stoyanova RS, Rowe JB, Baron-Cohen S, Calder AJ (2013), “Direct Gaze Elicits Atypical Activation of the Theory-of-Mind Network in Autism Spectrum Conditions.” Cereb Cortex Details

2012

Allison C, Auyeung B, Baron-Cohen S (2012), “Toward brief “Red Flags” for autism screening: The Short Autism Spectrum Quotient and the Short Quantitative Checklist for Autism in toddlers in 1,000 cases and 3,000 controls [corrected].” J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 51(2):202-212.e7 Details

Auyeung B, Ahluwalia J, Thomson L, Taylor K, Hackett G, O'Donnell KJ, Baron-Cohen S (2012), “Prenatal versus postnatal sex steroid hormone effects on autistic traits in children at 18 to 24 months of age.” Mol Autism 3(1):17 Details

Auyeung B, Allison C, Wheelwright S, Baron-Cohen S (2012), “Brief Report: Development of the Adolescent Empathy and Systemizing Quotients.” J Autism Dev Disord Details

Auyeung B, Knickmeyer R, Ashwin E, Taylor K, Hackett G, Baron-Cohen S (2012), “Effects of fetal testosterone on visuospatial ability.” Arch Sex Behav 41(3):571-81 Details

Barnes JL, Baron-Cohen S (2012), “The big picture: storytelling ability in adults with autism spectrum conditions.” J Autism Dev Disord 42(8):1557-65 Details

Baron-Cohen S (2012), “Autism and the technical mind: children of scientists and engineers may inherit genes that not only confer intellectual talents but also predispose them to autism.” Sci Am 307(5):72-5 Details

Beacher FD, Minati L, Baron-Cohen S, Lombardo MV, Lai MC, Gray MA, Harrison NA, Critchley HD (2012), “Autism attenuates sex differences in brain structure: a combined voxel-based morphometry and diffusion tensor imaging study.” AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 33(1):83-9 Details

Beacher FD, Radulescu E, Minati L, Baron-Cohen S, Lombardo MV, Lai MC, Walker A, Howard D, Gray MA, Harrison NA, Critchley HD (2012), “Sex Differences and Autism: Brain Function during Verbal Fluency and Mental Rotation.” PLoS One 7(6):e38355 Details

Bedford R, Elsabbagh M, Gliga T, Pickles A, Senju A, Charman T, Johnson MH, BASIS team (2012), “Precursors to social and communication difficulties in infants at-risk for autism: gaze following and attentional engagement.” J Autism Dev Disord 42(10):2208-18 Details

Churches O, Baron-Cohen S, Ring H (2012), “The psychophysiology of narrower face processing in autism spectrum conditions.” Neuroreport 23(6):395-9 Details

Churches O, Damiano C, Baron-Cohen S, Ring H (2012), “Getting to know you: the acquisition of new face representations in autism spectrum conditions.” Neuroreport 23(11):668-72 Details

Ecker C, Suckling J, Deoni SC, Lombardo MV, Bullmore ET, Baron-Cohen S, Catani M, Jezzard P, Barnes A, Bailey AJ, Williams SC, Murphy DG, MRC AIMS Consortium (2012), “Brain anatomy and its relationship to behavior in adults with autism spectrum disorder: a multicenter magnetic resonance imaging study.” Arch Gen Psychiatry 69(2):195-209 Details

Elsabbagh M, Mercure E, Hudry K, Chandler S, Pasco G, Charman T, Pickles A, Baron-Cohen S, Bolton P, Johnson MH, BASIS Team (2012), “Infant neural sensitivity to dynamic eye gaze is associated with later emerging autism.” Curr Biol 22(4):338-42 Details

Floris DL, Chura LR, Holt RJ, Suckling J, Bullmore ET, Baron-Cohen S, Spencer MD (2012), “Psychological Correlates of Handedness and Corpus Callosum Asymmetry in Autism: The left Hemisphere Dysfunction Theory Revisited.” J Autism Dev Disord Details

Gliga T, Elsabbagh M, Hudry K, Charman T, Johnson MH, BASIS Team (2012), “Gaze following, gaze reading, and word learning in children at risk for autism.” Child Dev 83(3):926-38 Details

Guiraud JA, Tomalski P, Kushnerenko E, Ribeiro H, Davies K, Charman T, Elsabbagh M, Johnson MH, BASIS Team (2012), “Atypical audiovisual speech integration in infants at risk for autism.” PLoS One 7(5):e36428 Details

Jones RM, Wheelwright S, Farrell K, Martin E, Green R, Di Ceglie D, Baron-Cohen S (2012), “Brief report: female-to-male transsexual people and autistic traits.” J Autism Dev Disord 42(2):301-6 Details

Khan NZ, Gallo LA, Arghir A, Budisteanu B, Budisteanu M, Dobrescu I, Donald K, El-Tabari S, Hoogenhout M, Kalambayi F, Kawa R, Espinoza IL, Lowenthal R, Malcolm-Smith S, Montiel-Nava C, Odeh J, de Paula CS, Rad F, Tarpan AK, Thomas KG, Wang C, Patel V, Baron-Cohen S, Elsabbagh M (2012), “Autism and the grand challenges in global mental health.” Autism Res 5(3):156-9 Details

Lai MC, Lombardo MV, Chakrabarti B, Ecker C, Sadek SA, Wheelwright SJ, Murphy DG, Suckling J, Bullmore ET, MRC AIMS Consortium, Baron-Cohen S (2012), “Individual differences in brain structure underpin empathizing-systemizing cognitive styles in male adults.” Neuroimage 61(4):1347-54 Details

Lai MC, Lombardo MV, Ruigrok AN, Chakrabarti B, Wheelwright SJ, Auyeung B, Allison C, MRC AIMS Consortium, Baron-Cohen S (2012), “Cognition in males and females with autism: similarities and differences.” PLoS One 7(10):e47198 Details

Langen M, Leemans A, Johnston P, Ecker C, Daly E, Murphy CM, Dell'acqua F, Durston S, AIMS Consortium, Murphy DG (2012), “Fronto-striatal circuitry and inhibitory control in autism: findings from diffusion tensor imaging tractography.” Cortex 48(2):183-93 Details

Lombardo MV, Ashwin E, Auyeung B, Chakrabarti B, Lai MC, Taylor K, Hackett G, Bullmore ET, Baron-Cohen S (2012), “Fetal Programming Effects of Testosterone on the Reward System and Behavioral Approach Tendencies in Humans.” Biol Psychiatry Details

Lombardo MV, Ashwin E, Auyeung B, Chakrabarti B, Taylor K, Hackett G, Bullmore ET, Baron-Cohen S (2012), “Fetal testosterone influences sexually dimorphic gray matter in the human brain.” J Neurosci 32(2):674-80 Details

Lombardo MV, Chakrabarti B, Lai MC, MRC AIMS Consortium, Baron-Cohen S (2012), “Self-referential and social cognition in a case of autism and agenesis of the corpus callosum.” Mol Autism 3(1):14 Details

Parner ET, Baron-Cohen S, Lauritsen MB, Jørgensen M, Schieve LA, Yeargin-Allsopp M, Obel C (2012), “Parental age and autism spectrum disorders.” Ann Epidemiol 22(3):143-50 Details

Pilling S, Baron-Cohen S, Megnin-Viggars O, Lee R, Taylor C, on behalf of the guideline development group (2012), “Recognition, referral, diagnosis, and management of adults with autism: summary of NICE guidance.” BMJ 344:e4082 Details

Ramsey JM, Schwarz E, Guest PC, van Beveren NJ, Leweke FM, Rothermundt M, Bogerts B, Steiner J, Ruta L, Baron-Cohen S, Bahn S (2012), “Molecular sex differences in human serum.” PLoS One 7(12):e51504 Details

Robertson CE, Martin A, Baker CI, Baron-Cohen S (2012), “Atypical integration of motion signals in Autism Spectrum Conditions.” PLoS One 7(11):e48173 Details

Ruta L, Mazzone D, Mazzone L, Wheelwright S, Baron-Cohen S (2012), “The Autism-Spectrum Quotient--Italian version: a cross-cultural confirmation of the broader autism phenotype.” J Autism Dev Disord 42(4):625-33 Details

Schwarz E, Guest PC, Rahmoune H, Harris LW, Wang L, Leweke FM, Rothermundt M, Bogerts B, Koethe D, Kranaster L, Ohrmann P, Suslow T, McAllister G, Spain M, Barnes A, van Beveren NJ, Baron-Cohen S, Steiner J, Torrey FE, Yolken RH, Bahn S (2012), “Identification of a biological signature for schizophrenia in serum.” Mol Psychiatry 17(5):494-502 Details

Spencer MD, Chura LR, Holt RJ, Suckling J, Calder AJ, Bullmore ET, Baron-Cohen S (2012), “Failure to deactivate the default mode network indicates a possible endophenotype of autism.” Mol Autism 3(1):15 Details

Spencer MD, Holt RJ, Chura LR, Calder AJ, Suckling J, Bullmore ET, Baron-Cohen S (2012), “Atypical activation during the Embedded Figures Task as a functional magnetic resonance imaging endophenotype of autism.” Brain 135(Pt 11):3469-80 Details

Stahl D, Pickles A, Elsabbagh M, Johnson MH, BASIS Team (2012), “Novel machine learning methods for ERP analysis: a validation from research on infants at risk for autism.” Dev Neuropsychol 37(3):274-98 Details

Sundram F, Deeley Q, Sarkar S, Daly E, Latham R, Craig M, Raczek M, Fahy T, Picchioni M, UK AIMS Network, Barker GJ, Murphy DG (2012), “White matter microstructural abnormalities in the frontal lobe of adults with antisocial personality disorder.” Cortex 48(2):216-29 Details

Tavassoli T, Auyeung B, Murphy LC, Baron-Cohen S, Chakrabarti B (2012), “Variation in the autism candidate gene GABRB3 modulates tactile sensitivity in typically developing children.” Mol Autism 3(1):6 Details

Tavassoli T, Baron-Cohen S (2012), “Taste identification in adults with autism spectrum conditions.” J Autism Dev Disord 42(7):1419-24 Details

Tavassoli T, Baron-Cohen S (2012), “Olfactory detection thresholds and adaptation in adults with autism spectrum condition.” J Autism Dev Disord 42(6):905-9 Details

Vellante M, Baron-Cohen S, Melis M, Marrone M, Petretto DR, Masala C, Preti A (2012), “The "Reading the Mind in the Eyes" test: Systematic review of psychometric properties and a validation study in Italy.” Cogn Neuropsychiatry Details

von dem Hagen EA, Stoyanova RS, Baron-Cohen S, Calder AJ (2012), “Reduced functional connectivity within and between 'social' resting state networks in autism spectrum conditions.” Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci Details

2011

Catarino A, Churches O, Baron-Cohen S, Andrade A, Ring H (2011), “Atypical EEG complexity in autism spectrum conditions: a multiscale entropy analysis.” Clin Neurophysiol 122(12):2375-83 Details

Chakrabarti B, Baron-Cohen S (2011), “Variation in the human Cannabinoid Receptor (CNR1) gene modulates gaze duration for happy faces.” Mol Autism 2(1):10 Details

Curran S, Dworzynski K, Happé F, Ronald A, Allison C, Baron-Cohen S, Brayne C, Bolton PF (2011), “No major effect of twinning on autistic traits.” Autism Res 4(5):377-82 Details

Damiano C, Churches O, Ring H, Baron-Cohen S (2011), “The development of perceptual expertise for faces and objects in autism spectrum conditions.” Autism Res 4(4):297-301 Details

Elsabbagh M, Holmboe K, Gliga T, Mercure E, Hudry K, Charman T, Baron-Cohen S, Bolton P, Johnson MH, BASIS Team (2011), “Social and attention factors during infancy and the later emergence of autism characteristics.” Prog Brain Res 189:195-207 Details

Guiraud JA, Kushnerenko E, Tomalski P, Davies K, Ribeiro H, Johnson MH, BASIS Team (2011), “Differential habituation to repeated sounds in infants at high risk for autism.” Neuroreport 22(16):845-9 Details

Hoekstra RA, Vinkhuyzen AA, Wheelwright S, Bartels M, Boomsma DI, Baron-Cohen S, Posthuma D, van der Sluis S (2011), “The construction and validation of an abridged version of the autism-spectrum quotient (AQ-Short).” J Autism Dev Disord 41(5):589-96 Details

Kaldy Z, Kraper C, Carter AS, Blaser E (2011), “Toddlers with Autism Spectrum Disorder are more successful at visual search than typically developing toddlers.” Dev Sci 14(5):980-8 Details

Lai MC, Lombardo MV, Pasco G, Ruigrok AN, Wheelwright SJ, Sadek SA, Chakrabarti B, MRC AIMS Consortium, Baron-Cohen S (2011), “A behavioral comparison of male and female adults with high functioning autism spectrum conditions.” PLoS One 6(6):e20835 Details

Lombardo MV, Baron-Cohen S (2011), “The role of the self in mindblindness in autism.” Conscious Cogn 20(1):130-40 Details

Lombardo MV, Chakrabarti B, Bullmore ET, MRC AIMS Consortium, Baron-Cohen S (2011), “Specialization of right temporo-parietal junction for mentalizing and its relation to social impairments in autism.” Neuroimage 56(3):1832-8 Details

Preti A, Vellante M, Baron-Cohen S, Zucca G, Petretto DR, Masala C (2011), “The Empathy Quotient: a cross-cultural comparison of the Italian version.” Cogn Neuropsychiatry 16(1):50-70 Details

Roelfsema MT, Hoekstra RA, Allison C, Wheelwright S, Brayne C, Matthews FE, Baron-Cohen S (2011), “Are Autism Spectrum Conditions More Prevalent in an Information-Technology Region? A School-Based Study of Three Regions in the Netherlands.” J Autism Dev Disord Details

Ruta L, Ingudomnukul E, Taylor K, Chakrabarti B, Baron-Cohen S (2011), “Increased serum androstenedione in adults with autism spectrum conditions.” Psychoneuroendocrinology Details

Spencer MD, Holt RJ, Chura LR, Suckling J, Calder AJ, Bullmore ET, Baron-Cohen S (2011), “A novel functional brain imaging endophenotype of autism: the neural response to facial expression of emotion.” Transl Psychiatry 1:e19 Details

Tavassoli T, Latham K, Bach M, Dakin SC, Baron-Cohen S (2011), “Psychophysical measures of visual acuity in autism spectrum conditions.” Vision Res 51(15):1778-80 Details

van Honk J, Schutter DJ, Bos PA, Kruijt AW, Lentjes EG, Baron-Cohen S (2011), “Testosterone administration impairs cognitive empathy in women depending on second-to-fourth digit ratio.” Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108(8):3448-52 Details

2010

Auyeung B, Taylor K, Hackett G, Baron-Cohen S (2010), “Foetal testosterone and autistic traits in 18 to 24-month-old children.” Mol Autism 1(1):11 Details

Baron-Cohen S (2010), “Empathizing, systemizing, and the extreme male brain theory of autism.” Prog Brain Res 186:167-75 Details

Baron-Cohen S (2010), “Neonatal free testosterone and head circumference: need for replication.” Dev Med Child Neurol 52(8):696 Details

Baron-Cohen S, Golan O, Wheelwright S, Granader Y, Hill J (2010), “Emotion word comprehension from 4 to 16 years old: a developmental survey.” Front Evol Neurosci 2:109 Details

Belmonte MK, Gomot M, Baron-Cohen S (2010), “Visual attention in autism families: 'unaffected' sibs share atypical frontal activation.” J Child Psychol Psychiatry 51(3):259-76 Details

Buxbaum JD, Baron-Cohen S (2010), “Molecular Autism: accelerating and integrating research into neurodevelopmental conditions.” Mol Autism 1(1):1 Details

Buxbaum JD, Baron-Cohen S, Devlin B (2010), “Genetics in psychiatry: common variant association studies.” Mol Autism 1(1):6 Details

Chura LR, Lombardo MV, Ashwin E, Auyeung B, Chakrabarti B, Bullmore ET, Baron-Cohen S (2010), “Organizational effects of fetal testosterone on human corpus callosum size and asymmetry.” Psychoneuroendocrinology 35(1):122-32 Details

Churches O, Wheelwright S, Baron-Cohen S, Ring H (2010), “The N170 is not modulated by attention in autism spectrum conditions.” Neuroreport 21(6):399-403 Details

Ecker C, Rocha-Rego V, Johnston P, Mourao-Miranda J, Marquand A, Daly EM, Brammer MJ, Murphy C, Murphy DG, MRC AIMS Consortium (2010), “Investigating the predictive value of whole-brain structural MR scans in autism: a pattern classification approach.” Neuroimage 49(1):44-56 Details

Golan O, Ashwin E, Granader Y, McClintock S, Day K, Leggett V, Baron-Cohen S (2010), “Enhancing emotion recognition in children with autism spectrum conditions: an intervention using animated vehicles with real emotional faces.” J Autism Dev Disord 40(3):269-79 Details

Hoekstra RA, Happé F, Baron-Cohen S, Ronald A (2010), “Limited genetic covariance between autistic traits and intelligence: findings from a longitudinal twin study.” Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet 153B(5):994-1007 Details

Holmboe K, Elsabbagh M, Volein A, Tucker LA, Baron-Cohen S, Bolton P, Charman T, Johnson MH (2010), “Frontal cortex functioning in the infant broader autism phenotype.” Infant Behav Dev 33(4):482-91 Details

Lai MC, Lombardo MV, Chakrabarti B, Sadek SA, Pasco G, Wheelwright SJ, Bullmore ET, Baron-Cohen S, MRC AIMS Consortium, Suckling J (2010), “A Shift to Randomness of Brain Oscillations in People with Autism.” Biol Psychiatry Details

Lombardo MV, Chakrabarti B, Bullmore ET, Sadek SA, Pasco G, Wheelwright SJ, Suckling J, MRC AIMS Consortium, Baron-Cohen S (2010), “Atypical neural self-representation in autism.” Brain 133(Pt 2):611-24 Details

Lombardo MV, Chakrabarti B, Bullmore ET, Wheelwright SJ, Sadek SA, Suckling J, MRC AIMS Consortium, Baron-Cohen S (2010), “Shared neural circuits for mentalizing about the self and others.” J Cogn Neurosci 22(7):1623-35 Details

Schwarz E, Guest PC, Rahmoune H, Wang L, Levin Y, Ingudomnukul E, Ruta L, Kent L, Spain M, Baron-Cohen S, Bahn S (2010), “Sex-specific serum biomarker patterns in adults with Asperger's syndrome.” Mol Psychiatry Details

Wheelwright S, Auyeung B, Allison C, Baron-Cohen S (2010), “Defining the broader, medium and narrow autism phenotype among parents using the Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ).” Mol Autism 1(1):10 Details

2009

Asher JE, Lamb JA, Brocklebank D, Cazier JB, Maestrini E, Addis L, Sen M, Baron-Cohen S, Monaco AP (2009), “A whole-genome scan and fine-mapping linkage study of auditory-visual synesthesia reveals evidence of linkage to chromosomes 2q24, 5q33, 6p12, and 12p12.” Am J Hum Genet 84(2):279-85 Details

Ashwin C, Ricciardelli P, Baron-Cohen S (2009), “Positive and negative gaze perception in autism spectrum conditions.” Soc Neurosci 4(2):153-64 Details

Ashwin E, Ashwin C, Rhydderch D, Howells J, Baron-Cohen S (2009), “Eagle-eyed visual acuity: an experimental investigation of enhanced perception in autism.” Biol Psychiatry 65(1):17-21 Details

Auyeung B, Baron-Cohen S, Ashwin E, Knickmeyer R, Taylor K, Hackett G (2009), “Fetal testosterone and autistic traits.” Br J Psychol 100(Pt 1):1-22 Details

Auyeung B, Baron-Cohen S, Ashwin E, Knickmeyer R, Taylor K, Hackett G, Hines M (2009), “Fetal testosterone predicts sexually differentiated childhood behavior in girls and in boys.” Psychol Sci 20(2):144-8 Details

Auyeung B, Wheelwright S, Allison C, Atkinson M, Samarawickrema N, Baron-Cohen S (2009), “The children's Empathy Quotient and Systemizing Quotient: sex differences in typical development and in autism spectrum conditions.” J Autism Dev Disord 39(11):1509-21 Details

Barnes JL, Lombardo MV, Wheelwright S, Baron-Cohen S (2009), “Moral dilemmas film task: A study of spontaneous narratives by individuals with autism spectrum conditions.” Autism Res 2(3):148-56 Details

Baron-Cohen S (2009), “Autism: the empathizing-systemizing (E-S) theory.” Ann N Y Acad Sci 1156:68-80 Details

Baron-Cohen S, Ashwin E, Ashwin C, Tavassoli T, Chakrabarti B (2009), “Talent in autism: hyper-systemizing, hyper-attention to detail and sensory hypersensitivity.” Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 364(1522):1377-83 Details

Baron-Cohen S, Auyeung B, Ashwin E, Knickmeyer R (2009), “Fetal testosterone and autistic traits: a response to three fascinating commentaries.” Br J Psychol 100(Pt 1):39-47 Details

Baron-Cohen S, Golan O, Ashwin E (2009), “Can emotion recognition be taught to children with autism spectrum conditions?” Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 364(1535):3567-74 Details

Baron-Cohen S, Golan O, Chapman E, Granader Y (2009), “Transported to a world of emotion.” Mcgill J Med 12(2):78 Details

Baron-Cohen S, Scott FJ, Allison C, Williams J, Bolton P, Matthews FE, Brayne C (2009), “Prevalence of autism-spectrum conditions: UK school-based population study.” Br J Psychiatry 194(6):500-9 Details

Chakrabarti B, Dudbridge F, Kent L, Wheelwright S, Hill-Cawthorne G, Allison C, Banerjee-Basu S, Baron-Cohen S (2009), “Genes related to sex steroids, neural growth, and social-emotional behavior are associated with autistic traits, empathy, and Asperger syndrome.” Autism Res 2(3):157-77 Details

Churches O, Baron-Cohen S, Ring H (2009), “Seeing face-like objects: an event-related potential study.” Neuroreport 20(14):1290-4 Details

Elsabbagh M, Volein A, Csibra G, Holmboe K, Garwood H, Tucker L, Krljes S, Baron-Cohen S, Bolton P, Charman T, Baird G, Johnson MH (2009), “Neural correlates of eye gaze processing in the infant broader autism phenotype.” Biol Psychiatry 65(1):31-8 Details

Elsabbagh M, Volein A, Holmboe K, Tucker L, Csibra G, Baron-Cohen S, Bolton P, Charman T, Baird G, Johnson MH (2009), “Visual orienting in the early broader autism phenotype: disengagement and facilitation.” J Child Psychol Psychiatry 50(5):637-42 Details

Hoekstra RA, Happé F, Baron-Cohen S, Ronald A (2009), “Association between extreme autistic traits and intellectual disability: insights from a general population twin study.” Br J Psychiatry 195(6):531-6 Details

Levin Y, Wang L, Ingudomnukul E, Schwarz E, Baron-Cohen S, Palotás A, Bahn S (2009), “Real-time evaluation of experimental variation in large-scale LC-MS/MS-based quantitative proteomics of complex samples.” J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci 877(13):1299-305 Details

Lombardo MV, Chakrabarti B, Baron-Cohen S (2009), “The amygdala in autism: not adapting to faces?” Am J Psychiatry 166(4):395-7 Details

Mercure E, Ashwin E, Dick F, Halit H, Auyeung B, Baron-Cohen S, Johnson MH (2009), “IQ, fetal testosterone and individual variability in children's functional lateralization.” Neuropsychologia 47(12):2537-43 Details

Minio-Paluello I, Baron-Cohen S, Avenanti A, Walsh V, Aglioti SM (2009), “Absence of embodied empathy during pain observation in Asperger syndrome.” Biol Psychiatry 65(1):55-62 Details

2008

Allison C, Baron-Cohen S, Wheelwright S, Charman T, Richler J, Pasco G, Brayne C (2008), “The Q-CHAT (Quantitative CHecklist for Autism in Toddlers): a normally distributed quantitative measure of autistic traits at 18-24 months of age: preliminary report.” J Autism Dev Disord 38(8):1414-25 Details

Auyeung B, Baron-Cohen S, Wheelwright S, Allison C (2008), “The Autism Spectrum Quotient: Children's Version (AQ-Child).” J Autism Dev Disord 38(7):1230-40 Details

Baron-Cohen S (2008), “Autism, hypersystemizing, and truth.” Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 61(1):64-75 Details

Billington J, Baron-Cohen S, Bor D (2008), “Systemizing influences attentional processes during the Navon task: an fMRI study.” Neuropsychologia 46(2):511-20 Details

Colle L, Baron-Cohen S, Wheelwright S, van der Lely HK (2008), “Narrative discourse in adults with high-functioning autism or Asperger syndrome.” J Autism Dev Disord 38(1):28-40 Details

Golan O, Baron-Cohen S, Golan Y (2008), “The 'Reading the Mind in Films' Task [child version]: complex emotion and mental state recognition in children with and without autism spectrum conditions.” J Autism Dev Disord 38(8):1534-41 Details

Gomot M, Belmonte MK, Bullmore ET, Bernard FA, Baron-Cohen S (2008), “Brain hyper-reactivity to auditory novel targets in children with high-functioning autism.” Brain 131(Pt 9):2479-88 Details

Knickmeyer RC, Baron-Cohen S, Auyeung B, Ashwin E (2008), “How to test the extreme male brain theory of autism in terms of foetal androgens?” J Autism Dev Disord 38(5):995-6; author reply 997-8 Details

Knickmeyer RC, Wheelwright S, Baron-Cohen SB (2008), “Sex-typical play: masculinization/defeminization in girls with an autism spectrum condition.” J Autism Dev Disord 38(6):1028-35 Details

Owens G, Granader Y, Humphrey A, Baron-Cohen S (2008), “LEGO therapy and the social use of language programme: an evaluation of two social skills interventions for children with high functioning autism and Asperger Syndrome.” J Autism Dev Disord 38(10):1944-57 Details

Ring H, Woodbury-Smith M, Watson P, Wheelwright S, Baron-Cohen S (2008), “Clinical heterogeneity among people with high functioning autism spectrum conditions: evidence favouring a continuous severity gradient.” Behav Brain Funct 4:11 Details

Williams JG, Allison C, Scott FJ, Bolton PF, Baron-Cohen S, Matthews FE, Brayne C (2008), “The Childhood Autism Spectrum Test (CAST): sex differences.” J Autism Dev Disord 38(9):1731-9 Details

2007

Allison C, Williams J, Scott F, Stott C, Bolton P, Baron-Cohen S, Brayne C (2007), “The Childhood Asperger Syndrome Test (CAST): test-retest reliability in a high scoring sample.” Autism 11(2):173-85 Details

Ashwin C, Baron-Cohen S, Wheelwright S, O'Riordan M, Bullmore ET (2007), “Differential activation of the amygdala and the 'social brain' during fearful face-processing in Asperger Syndrome.” Neuropsychologia 45(1):2-14 Details

Baron-Cohen S (2007), “About 1% of children in the South Thames region have an autistic spectrum disorder.” Evid Based Ment Health 10(1):28 Details

Bor D, Billington J, Baron-Cohen S (2007), “Savant memory for digits in a case of synaesthesia and Asperger syndrome is related to hyperactivity in the lateral prefrontal cortex.” Neurocase 13(5):311-9 Details

Colle L, Baron-Cohen S, Hill J (2007), “Do children with autism have a theory of mind? A non-verbal test of autism vs. specific language impairment.” J Autism Dev Disord 37(4):716-23 Details

Golan O, Baron-Cohen S, Hill JJ, Rutherford MD (2007), “The 'Reading the Mind in the Voice' test-revised: a study of complex emotion recognition in adults with and without autism spectrum conditions.” J Autism Dev Disord 37(6):1096-106 Details

Ingudomnukul E, Baron-Cohen S, Wheelwright S, Knickmeyer R (2007), “Elevated rates of testosterone-related disorders in women with autism spectrum conditions.” Horm Behav 51(5):597-604 Details

Lombardo MV, Barnes JL, Wheelwright SJ, Baron-Cohen S (2007), “Self-referential cognition and empathy in autism.” PLoS One 2(9):e883 Details

Wakabayashi A, Baron-Cohen S, Uchiyama T, Yoshida Y, Kuroda M, Wheelwright S (2007), “Empathizing and systemizing in adults with and without autism spectrum conditions: cross-cultural stability.” J Autism Dev Disord 37(10):1823-32 Details

Wakabayashi A, Baron-Cohen S, Uchiyama T, Yoshida Y, Tojo Y, Kuroda M, Wheelwright S (2007), “The autism-spectrum quotient (AQ) children's version in Japan: a cross-cultural comparison.” J Autism Dev Disord 37(3):491-500 Details

Wakabayashi A, Uchiyama T, Tojo Y, Yoshida Y, Kuroda M, Baron-Cohen S, Wheelwright S (2007), “[Autism-spectrum quotient (AQ) Japanese children's version " comparison between high-functioning children with autism spectrum disorders and normal controls].” Shinrigaku Kenkyu 77(6):534-40 Details

2006

Asher JE, Aitken MR, Farooqi N, Kurmani S, Baron-Cohen S (2006), “Diagnosing and phenotyping visual synaesthesia: a preliminary evaluation of the revised test of genuineness (TOG-R).” Cortex 42(2):137-46 Details

Ashwin C, Chapman E, Colle L, Baron-Cohen S (2006), “Impaired recognition of negative basic emotions in autism: a test of the amygdala theory.” Soc Neurosci 1(3-4):349-63 Details

Ashwin C, Wheelwright S, Baron-Cohen S (2006), “Attention bias to faces in Asperger Syndrome: a pictorial emotion Stroop study.” Psychol Med 36(6):835-43 Details

Ashwin C, Wheelwright S, Baron-Cohen S (2006), “Finding a face in the crowd: testing the anger superiority effect in Asperger Syndrome.” Brain Cogn 61(1):78-95 Details

Baron-Cohen S (2006), “The hyper-systemizing, assortative mating theory of autism.” Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry 30(5):865-72 Details

Baron-Cohen S (2006), “Two new theories of autism: hyper-systemising and assortative mating.” Arch Dis Child 91(1):2-5 Details

Baron-Cohen S, Hoekstra RA, Knickmeyer R, Wheelwright S (2006), “The Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ)--adolescent version.” J Autism Dev Disord 36(3):343-50 Details

Baron-Cohen S, Klin A (2006), “What's so special about Asperger Syndrome?” Brain Cogn 61(1):1-4 Details

Baron-Cohen S, Ring H, Chitnis X, Wheelwright S, Gregory L, Williams S, Brammer M, Bullmore E (2006), “fMRI of parents of children with Asperger Syndrome: a pilot study.” Brain Cogn 61(1):122-30 Details

Baron-Cohen S, Scott F, Wheelwright S, Johnson M, Bisarya D, Desai A, Ahluwalia J (2006), “Can Asperger syndrome be diagnosed at 26 months old? A genetic high-risk single-case study.” J Child Neurol 21(4):351-6 Details

Chakrabarti B, Baron-Cohen S (2006), “Empathizing: neurocognitive developmental mechanisms and individual differences.” Prog Brain Res 156:403-17 Details

Chakrabarti B, Bullmore E, Baron-Cohen S (2006), “Empathizing with basic emotions: common and discrete neural substrates.” Soc Neurosci 1(3-4):364-84 Details

Chapman E, Baron-Cohen S, Auyeung B, Knickmeyer R, Taylor K, Hackett G (2006), “Fetal testosterone and empathy: evidence from the empathy quotient (EQ) and the "reading the mind in the eyes" test.” Soc Neurosci 1(2):135-48 Details

Christine Knickmeyer R, Baron-Cohen S (2006), “Fetal testosterone and sex differences.” Early Hum Dev 82(12):755-60 Details

el Kaliouby R, Picard R, Baron-Cohen S (2006), “Affective computing and autism.” Ann N Y Acad Sci 1093:228-48 Details

Golan O, Baron-Cohen S (2006), “Systemizing empathy: teaching adults with Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autism to recognize complex emotions using interactive multimedia.” Dev Psychopathol 18(2):591-617 Details

Golan O, Baron-Cohen S, Hill J (2006), “The Cambridge Mindreading (CAM) Face-Voice Battery: Testing complex emotion recognition in adults with and without Asperger syndrome.” J Autism Dev Disord 36(2):169-83 Details

Golan O, Baron-Cohen S, Hill JJ, Golan Y (2006), “The "reading the mind in films" task: complex emotion recognition in adults with and without autism spectrum conditions.” Soc Neurosci 1(2):111-23 Details

Gomot M, Bernard FA, Davis MH, Belmonte MK, Ashwin C, Bullmore ET, Baron-Cohen S (2006), “Change detection in children with autism: an auditory event-related fMRI study.” Neuroimage 29(2):475-84 Details

Kent L, Lambert C, Pyle A, Elliott H, Wheelwright S, Baron-Cohen S, Chinnery PF (2006), “The mitochondrial DNA A3243A>G mutation must be an infrequent cause of Asperger syndrome.” J Pediatr 149(2):280-1 Details

Knickmeyer R, Baron-Cohen S, Fane BA, Wheelwright S, Mathews GA, Conway GS, Brook CG, Hines M (2006), “Androgens and autistic traits: A study of individuals with congenital adrenal hyperplasia.” Horm Behav 50(1):148-53 Details

Knickmeyer R, Baron-Cohen S, Raggatt P, Taylor K, Hackett G (2006), “Fetal testosterone and empathy.” Horm Behav 49(3):282-92 Details

Knickmeyer RC, Baron-Cohen S (2006), “Fetal testosterone and sex differences in typical social development and in autism.” J Child Neurol 21(10):825-45 Details

Knickmeyer RC, Wheelwright S, Hoekstra R, Baron-Cohen S (2006), “Age of menarche in females with autism spectrum conditions.” Dev Med Child Neurol 48(12):1007-8 Details

Ronald A, Happé F, Bolton P, Butcher LM, Price TS, Wheelwright S, Baron-Cohen S, Plomin R (2006), “Genetic heterogeneity between the three components of the autism spectrum: a twin study.” J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 45(6):691-9 Details

Ronald A, Happé F, Price TS, Baron-Cohen S, Plomin R (2006), “Phenotypic and genetic overlap between autistic traits at the extremes of the general population.” J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 45(10):1206-14 Details

Saxe R, Baron-Cohen S (2006), “The neuroscience of theory of mind.” Soc Neurosci 1(3-4):i-ix Details

Wakabayashi A, Baron-Cohen S, Wheelwright S (2006), “[Individual and gender differences in Empathizing and Systemizing: measurement of individual differences by the Empathy Quotient (EQ) and the Systemizing Quotient (SQ)].” Shinrigaku Kenkyu 77(3):271-7 Details

Wakabayashi A, Baron-Cohen S, Wheelwright S, Tojo Y (2006), “The Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ) in Japan: A cross-cultural comparison.” J Autism Dev Disord 36(2):263-70 Details

Wheelwright S, Baron-Cohen S, Goldenfeld N, Delaney J, Fine D, Smith R, Weil L, Wakabayashi A (2006), “Predicting Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ) from the Systemizing Quotient-Revised (SQ-R) and Empathy Quotient (EQ).” Brain Res 1079(1):47-56 Details

Williams J, Allison C, Scott F, Stott C, Bolton P, Baron-Cohen S, Brayne C (2006), “The Childhood Asperger Syndrome Test (CAST): test-retest reliability.” Autism 10(4):415-27 Details

Yirmiya N, Gamliel I, Pilowsky T, Feldman R, Baron-Cohen S, Sigman M (2006), “The development of siblings of children with autism at 4 and 14 months: social engagement, communication, and cognition.” J Child Psychol Psychiatry 47(5):511-23 Details

2005

Ashwin C, Wheelwright S, Baron-Cohen S (2005), “Laterality biases to chimeric faces in Asperger syndrome: what is 'right' about face-processing?” J Autism Dev Disord 35(2):183-96 Details

Baron-Cohen S (2005), “Testing the extreme male brain (EMB) theory of autism: let the data speak for themselves.” Cogn Neuropsychiatry 10(1):77-81 Details

Baron-Cohen S, Belmonte MK (2005), “Autism: a window onto the development of the social and the analytic brain.” Annu Rev Neurosci 28:109-26 Details

Baron-Cohen S, Wheelwright S, Robinson J, Woodbury-Smith M (2005), “The Adult Asperger Assessment (AAA): a diagnostic method.” J Autism Dev Disord 35(6):807-19 Details

Grice SJ, Halit H, Farroni T, Baron-Cohen S, Bolton P, Johnson MH (2005), “Neural correlates of eye-gaze detection in young children with autism.” Cortex 41(3):342-53 Details

Johnson MH, Griffin R, Csibra G, Halit H, Farroni T, de Haan M, Tucker LA, Baron-Cohen S, Richards J (2005), “The emergence of the social brain network: evidence from typical and atypical development.” Dev Psychopathol 17(3):599-619 Details

Knickmeyer R, Baron-Cohen S, Raggatt P, Taylor K (2005), “Foetal testosterone, social relationships, and restricted interests in children.” J Child Psychol Psychiatry 46(2):198-210 Details

Knickmeyer RC, Wheelwright S, Taylor K, Raggatt P, Hackett G, Baron-Cohen S (2005), “Gender-typed play and amniotic testosterone.” Dev Psychol 41(3):517-28 Details

Shaw P, Bramham J, Lawrence EJ, Morris R, Baron-Cohen S, David AS (2005), “Differential effects of lesions of the amygdala and prefrontal cortex on recognizing facial expressions of complex emotions.” J Cogn Neurosci 17(9):1410-9 Details

Williams J, Scott F, Stott C, Allison C, Bolton P, Baron-Cohen S, Brayne C (2005), “The CAST (Childhood Asperger Syndrome Test): test accuracy.” Autism 9(1):45-68 Details

Woodbury-Smith MR, Robinson J, Wheelwright S, Baron-Cohen S (2005), “Screening adults for Asperger Syndrome using the AQ: a preliminary study of its diagnostic validity in clinical practice.” J Autism Dev Disord 35(3):331-5 Details

2004

Baron-Cohen S (2004), “Autism: research into causes and intervention.” Pediatr Rehabil 7(2):73-8 Details

Baron-Cohen S (2004), “The cognitive neuroscience of autism.” J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 75(7):945-8 Details

Baron-Cohen S, Wheelwright S (2004), “The empathy quotient: an investigation of adults with Asperger syndrome or high functioning autism, and normal sex differences.” J Autism Dev Disord 34(2):163-75 Details

Lawrence EJ, Shaw P, Baker D, Baron-Cohen S, David AS (2004), “Measuring empathy: reliability and validity of the Empathy Quotient.” Psychol Med 34(5):911-9 Details

Lawson J, Baron-Cohen S, Wheelwright S (2004), “Empathising and systemising in adults with and without Asperger Syndrome.” J Autism Dev Disord 34(3):301-10 Details

Lutchmaya S, Baron-Cohen S, Raggatt P, Knickmeyer R, Manning JT (2004), “2nd to 4th digit ratios, fetal testosterone and estradiol.” Early Hum Dev 77(1-2):23-8 Details

Wakabayashi A, Tojo Y, Baron-Cohen S, Wheelwright S (2004), “[The Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ) Japanese version: evidence from high-functioning clinical group and normal adults].” Shinrigaku Kenkyu 75(1):78-84 Details

2003

Baron-Cohen S (2003), “A mature view of autism. Autism: Explaining the Enigma by Uta Frith, Blackwell Publishing, 2nd Edn, 2003. pound 15.99 (pbk) (249 pages) ISBN 0 631 22901 9.” Trends Cogn Sci 7(9):380-383 Details

Baron-Cohen S, Richler J, Bisarya D, Gurunathan N, Wheelwright S (2003), “The systemizing quotient: an investigation of adults with Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autism, and normal sex differences.” Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 358(1430):361-74 Details

Baron-Cohen S, Wheelwright S (2003), “The Friendship Questionnaire: an investigation of adults with Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autism, and normal sex differences.” J Autism Dev Disord 33(5):509-17 Details

Charman T, Baron-Cohen S, Swettenham J, Baird G, Drew A, Cox A (2003), “Predicting language outcome in infants with autism and pervasive developmental disorder.” Int J Lang Commun Disord 38(3):265-85 Details

Richell RA, Mitchell DG, Newman C, Leonard A, Baron-Cohen S, Blair RJ (2003), “Theory of mind and psychopathy: can psychopathic individuals read the 'language of the eyes'?” Neuropsychologia 41(5):523-6 Details

Stone VE, Baron-Cohen S, Calder A, Keane J, Young A (2003), “Acquired theory of mind impairments in individuals with bilateral amygdala lesions.” Neuropsychologia 41(2):209-20 Details

Wicker B, Perrett DI, Baron-Cohen S, Decety J (2003), “Being the target of another's emotion: a PET study.” Neuropsychologia 41(2):139-46 Details

2002

Adolphs R, Baron-Cohen S, Tranel D (2002), “Impaired recognition of social emotions following amygdala damage.” J Cogn Neurosci 14(8):1264-74 Details

Baron-Cohen S (2002), “The extreme male brain theory of autism.” Trends Cogn Sci 6(6):248-254 Details

Calder AJ, Lawrence AD, Keane J, Scott SK, Owen AM, Christoffels I, Young AW (2002), “Reading the mind from eye gaze.” Neuropsychologia 40(8):1129-38 Details

Charman T, Baron-Cohen S, Baird G, Cox A, Swettenham J, Wheelwright S, Drew A (2002), “Is 18 months too early for the chat?” J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 41(3):235-6 Details

Drew A, Baird G, Baron-Cohen S, Cox A, Slonims V, Wheelwright S, Swettenham J, Berry B, Charman T (2002), “A pilot randomised control trial of a parent training intervention for pre-school children with autism. Preliminary findings and methodological challenges.” Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 11(6):266-72 Details

Gregory C, Lough S, Stone V, Erzinclioglu S, Martin L, Baron-Cohen S, Hodges JR (2002), “Theory of mind in patients with frontal variant frontotemporal dementia and Alzheimer's disease: theoretical and practical implications.” Brain 125(Pt 4):752-64 Details

Nunn JA, Gregory LJ, Brammer M, Williams SC, Parslow DM, Morgan MJ, Morris RG, Bullmore ET, Baron-Cohen S, Gray JA (2002), “Functional magnetic resonance imaging of synesthesia: activation of V4/V8 by spoken words.” Nat Neurosci 5(4):371-5 Details

Rutherford MD, Baron-Cohen S, Wheelwright S (2002), “Reading the mind in the voice: a study with normal adults and adults with Asperger syndrome and high functioning autism.” J Autism Dev Disord 32(3):189-94 Details

Scott FJ, Baron-Cohen S, Bolton P, Brayne C (2002), “Brief report: prevalence of autism spectrum conditions in children aged 5-11 years in Cambridgeshire, UK.” Autism 6(3):231-7 Details

Scott FJ, Baron-Cohen S, Bolton P, Brayne C (2002), “The CAST (Childhood Asperger Syndrome Test): preliminary development of a UK screen for mainstream primary-school-age children.” Autism 6(1):9-31 Details

Wellman HM, Baron-Cohen S, Caswell R, Gomez JC, Swettenham J, Toye E, Lagattuta K (2002), “Thought-bubbles help children with autism acquire an alternative to a theory of mind.” Autism 6(4):343-63 Details

2001

Baird G, Charman T, Cox A, Baron-Cohen S, Swettenham J, Wheelwright S, Drew A (2001), “Current topic: Screening and surveillance for autism and pervasive developmental disorders.” Arch Dis Child 84(6):468-75 Details

Baron-Cohen S, Wheelwright S, Hill J, Raste Y, Plumb I (2001), “The "Reading the Mind in the Eyes" Test revised version: a study with normal adults, and adults with Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autism.” J Child Psychol Psychiatry 42(2):241-51 Details

Baron-Cohen S, Wheelwright S, Skinner R, Martin J, Clubley E (2001), “The autism-spectrum quotient (AQ): evidence from Asperger syndrome/high-functioning autism, males and females, scientists and mathematicians.” J Autism Dev Disord 31(1):5-17 Details

Charman T, Baron-Cohen I, Baird G, Cox A, Wheelwright S, Swettenham J, Drew A (2001), “Commentary: The Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers.” J Autism Dev Disord 31(2):145-8; discussion 149-51 Details

Craig J, Baron-Cohen S, Scott F (2001), “Drawing ability in autism: a window into the imagination.” Isr J Psychiatry Relat Sci 38(3-4):242-53 Details

Jolliffe T, Baron-Cohen S (2001), “A test of central coherence theory: can adults with high-functioning autism or Asperger syndrome integrate fragments of an object?” Cogn Neuropsychiatry 6(3):193-216 Details

Manning JT, Baron-Cohen S, Wheelwright S, Sanders G (2001), “The 2nd to 4th digit ratio and autism.” Dev Med Child Neurol 43(3):160-4 Details

O'Riordan MA, Plaisted KC, Driver J, Baron-Cohen S (2001), “Superior visual search in autism.” J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 27(3):719-30 Details

Wheelwright S, Baron-Cohen S (2001), “The link between autism and skills such as engineering, maths, physics and computing: a reply to Jarrold and Routh.” Autism 5(2):223-7 Details

2000

Baird G, Charman T, Baron-Cohen S, Cox A, Swettenham J, Wheelwright S, Drew A (2000), “A screening instrument for autism at 18 months of age: a 6-year follow-up study.” J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 39(6):694-702 Details

Baron-Cohen S (2000), “Is asperger syndrome/high-functioning autism necessarily a disability?” Dev Psychopathol 12(3):489-500 Details

Baron-Cohen S, Ring HA, Bullmore ET, Wheelwright S, Ashwin C, Williams SC (2000), “The amygdala theory of autism.” Neurosci Biobehav Rev 24(3):355-64 Details

Baron-Cohen S, Wheelwright S, Cox A, Baird G, Charman T, Swettenham J, Drew A, Doehring P (2000), “Early identification of autism by the CHecklist for Autism in Toddlers (CHAT).” J R Soc Med 93(10):521-5 Details

Craig J, Baron-Cohen S (2000), “Story-telling ability in children with autism or Asperger syndrome: a window into the imagination.” Isr J Psychiatry Relat Sci 37(1):64-70 Details

Heavey L, Phillips W, Baron-Cohen S, Rutter M (2000), “The Awkward Moments Test: a naturalistic measure of social understanding in autism.” J Autism Dev Disord 30(3):225-36 Details

Jolliffe T, Baron-Cohen S (2000), “Linguistic processing in high-functioning adults with autism or Asperger's syndrome. Is global coherence impaired?” Psychol Med 30(5):1169-87 Details

1999

Baron-Cohen S, Mortimore C, Moriarty J, Izaguirre J, Robertson M (1999), “The prevalence of Gilles de la Tourette's syndrome in children and adolescents with autism.” J Child Psychol Psychiatry 40(2):213-8 Details

Baron-Cohen S, O'Riordan M, Stone V, Jones R, Plaisted K (1999), “Recognition of faux pas by normally developing children and children with Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autism.” J Autism Dev Disord 29(5):407-18 Details

Baron-Cohen S, Ring HA, Wheelwright S, Bullmore ET, Brammer MJ, Simmons A, Williams SC (1999), “Social intelligence in the normal and autistic brain: an fMRI study.” Eur J Neurosci 11(6):1891-8 Details

Baron-Cohen S, Scahill VL, Izaguirre J, Hornsey H, Robertson MM (1999), “The prevalence of Gilles de la Tourette syndrome in children and adolescents with autism: a large scale study.” Psychol Med 29(5):1151-9 Details

Baron-Cohen S, Wheelwright S (1999), “'Obsessions' in children with autism or Asperger syndrome. Content analysis in terms of core domains of cognition.” Br J Psychiatry 175:484-90 Details

Cox A, Klein K, Charman T, Baird G, Baron-Cohen S, Swettenham J, Drew A, Wheelwright S (1999), “Autism spectrum disorders at 20 and 42 months of age: stability of clinical and ADI-R diagnosis.” J Child Psychol Psychiatry 40(5):719-32 Details

Craig J, Baron-Cohen S (1999), “Creativity and imagination in autism and Asperger syndrome.” J Autism Dev Disord 29(4):319-26 Details

Jolliffe T, Baron-Cohen S (1999), “The Strange Stories Test: a replication with high-functioning adults with autism or Asperger syndrome.” J Autism Dev Disord 29(5):395-406 Details

Jolliffe T, Baron-Cohen S (1999), “A test of central coherence theory: linguistic processing in high-functioning adults with autism or Asperger syndrome: is local coherence impaired?” Cognition 71(2):149-85 Details

Ring HA, Baron-Cohen S, Wheelwright S, Williams SC, Brammer M, Andrew C, Bullmore ET (1999), “Cerebral correlates of preserved cognitive skills in autism: a functional MRI study of embedded figures task performance.” Brain 122 ( Pt 7):1305-15 Details

1998

Plaisted K, O'Riordan M, Baron-Cohen S (1998), “Enhanced visual search for a conjunctive target in autism: a research note.” J Child Psychol Psychiatry 39(5):777-83 Details

Plaisted K, O'Riordan M, Baron-Cohen S (1998), “Enhanced discrimination of novel, highly similar stimuli by adults with autism during a perceptual learning task.” J Child Psychol Psychiatry 39(5):765-75 Details

Stone VE, Baron-Cohen S, Knight RT (1998), “Frontal lobe contributions to theory of mind.” J Cogn Neurosci 10(5):640-56 Details

Swettenham J, Baron-Cohen S, Charman T, Cox A, Baird G, Drew A, Rees L, Wheelwright S (1998), “The frequency and distribution of spontaneous attention shifts between social and nonsocial stimuli in autistic, typically developing, and nonautistic developmentally delayed infants.” J Child Psychol Psychiatry 39(5):747-53 Details

Tager-Flusberg H, Boshart J, Baron-Cohen S (1998), “Reading the windows to the soul: evidence of domain-specific sparing in Williams syndrome.” J Cogn Neurosci 10(5):631-9 Details

1997

Baron-Cohen S (1997), “Are children with autism superior at folk physics?” New Dir Child Dev (75):45-54 Details

Baron-Cohen S (1997), “Hey! It was just a joke! Understanding propositions and propositional attitudes by normally developing children and children with autism.” Isr J Psychiatry Relat Sci 34(3):174-8 Details

Baron-Cohen S, Baldwin DA, Crowson M (1997), “Do children with autism use the speaker's direction of gaze strategy to crack the code of language?” Child Dev 68(1):48-57 Details

Baron-Cohen S, Jolliffe T, Mortimore C, Robertson M (1997), “Another advanced test of theory of mind: evidence from very high functioning adults with autism or asperger syndrome.” J Child Psychol Psychiatry 38(7):813-22 Details

Charman T, Baron-Cohen S (1997), “Brief report: prompted pretend play in autism.” J Autism Dev Disord 27(3):325-32 Details

Charman T, Swettenham J, Baron-Cohen S, Cox A, Baird G, Drew A (1997), “Infants with autism: an investigation of empathy, pretend play, joint attention, and imitation.” Dev Psychol 33(5):781-9 Details

Hadwin J, Baron-Cohen S, Howlin P, Hill K (1997), “Does teaching theory of mind have an effect on the ability to develop conversation in children with autism?” J Autism Dev Disord 27(5):519-37 Details

Jolliffe T, Baron-Cohen S (1997), “Are people with autism and Asperger syndrome faster than normal on the Embedded Figures Test?” J Child Psychol Psychiatry 38(5):527-34 Details

1996

Baron-Cohen S, Burt L, Smith-Laittan F, Harrison J, Bolton P (1996), “Synaesthesia: prevalence and familiality.” Perception 25(9):1073-9 Details

Baron-Cohen S, Cox A, Baird G, Swettenham J, Nightingale N, Morgan K, Drew A, Charman T (1996), “Psychological markers in the detection of autism in infancy in a large population.” Br J Psychiatry 168(2):158-63 Details

Surian L, Baron-Cohen S, Van der Lely H (1996), “Are children with autism deaf to gricean maxims?” Cogn Neuropsychiatry 1(1):55-72 Details

Swettenham JG, Baron-Cohen S, Gomez JC, Walsh S (1996), “What's inside someone's head? Conceiving of the mind as a camera helps children with autism acquire an alternative to a theory of mind.” Cogn Neuropsychiatry 1(1):73-88 Details

1995

Harrison J, Baron-Cohen S (1995), “Synaesthesia: reconciling the subjective with the objective.” Endeavour 19(4):157-60 Details

Paulesu E, Harrison J, Baron-Cohen S, Watson JD, Goldstein L, Heather J, Frackowiak RS, Frith CD (1995), “The physiology of coloured hearing. A PET activation study of colour-word synaesthesia.” Brain 118 ( Pt 3):661-76 Details

Phillips W, Gómez JC, Baron-Cohen S, Laá V, Rivière A (1995), “Treating people as objects, agents, or "subjects": how young children with and without autism make requests.” J Child Psychol Psychiatry 36(8):1383-98 Details

1994

Baron-Cohen S, Cross P, Crowson M, Robertson M (1994), “Can children with Gilles de la Tourette syndrome edit their intentions?” Psychol Med 24(1):29-40 Details

Baron-Cohen S, Ring H, Moriarty J, Schmitz B, Costa D, Ell P (1994), “Recognition of mental state terms. Clinical findings in children with autism and a functional neuroimaging study of normal adults.” Br J Psychiatry 165(5):640-9 Details

1993

Baron-Cohen S, Harrison J, Goldstein LH, Wyke M (1993), “Coloured speech perception: is synaesthesia what happens when modularity breaks down?” Perception 22(4):419-26 Details

Holroyd S, Baron-Cohen S (1993), “Brief report: how far can people with autism go in developing a theory of mind?” J Autism Dev Disord 23(2):379-85 Details

1992

Baron-Cohen S (1992), “Out of sight or out of mind? Another look at deception in autism.” J Child Psychol Psychiatry 33(7):1141-55 Details

Baron-Cohen S (1992), “Debate and argument: on modularity and development in autism: a reply to Burack.” J Child Psychol Psychiatry 33(3):623-9 Details

Baron-Cohen S, Allen J, Gillberg C (1992), “Can autism be detected at 18 months? The needle, the haystack, and the CHAT.” Br J Psychiatry 161:839-43 Details

Charman T, Baron-Cohen S (1992), “Understanding drawings and beliefs: a further test of the metarepresentation theory of autism: a research note.” J Child Psychol Psychiatry 33(6):1105-12 Details

McManus IC, Murray B, Doyle K, Baron-Cohen S (1992), “Handedness in childhood autism shows a dissociation of skill and preference.” Cortex 28(3):373-81 Details

1991

Baird G, Baron-Cohen S, Bohman M, Coleman M, Frith U, Gillberg C, Gillberg C, Howlin P, Mesibov G, Peeters T (1991), “Autism is not necessarily a pervasive developmental disorder.” Dev Med Child Neurol 33(4):363-4 Details

Baron-Cohen S (1991), “Do people with autism understand what causes emotion?” Child Dev 62(2):385-95 Details

Baron-Cohen S (1991), “The development of a theory of mind in autism: deviance and delay?” Psychiatr Clin North Am 14(1):33-51 Details

Leekam SR, Perner J (1991), “Does the autistic child have a metarepresentational deficit?” Cognition 40(3):203-18 Details

1989

Baron-Cohen S (1989), “Are autistic children "behaviorists"? An examination of their mental-physical and appearance-reality distinctions.” J Autism Dev Disord 19(4):579-600 Details

Baron-Cohen S (1989), “Do autistic children have obsessions and compulsions?” Br J Clin Psychol 28 ( Pt 3):193-200 Details

Baron-Cohen S (1989), “The theory of mind hypothesis of autism: a reply to Boucher.” Br J Disord Commun 24(2):199-200 Details

Baron-Cohen S (1989), “The autistic child's theory of mind: a case of specific developmental delay.” J Child Psychol Psychiatry 30(2):285-97 Details

1988

Baron-Cohen S (1988), “Social and pragmatic deficits in autism: cognitive or affective?” J Autism Dev Disord 18(3):379-402 Details

Baron-Cohen S (1988), “"Without a theory of mind one cannot participate in a conversation".” Cognition 29(1):83-4 Details

Baron-Cohen S (1988), “An assessment of violence in a young man with Asperger's syndrome.” J Child Psychol Psychiatry 29(3):351-60 Details

1987

Baron-Cohen S, Wyke MA, Binnie C (1987), “Hearing words and seeing colours: an experimental investigation of a case of synaesthesia.” Perception 16(6):761-7 Details

1985

Baron-Cohen S, Leslie AM, Frith U (1985), “Does the autistic child have a "theory of mind"?” Cognition 21(1):37-46 Details