Dr Ragnhildur Thora Karadottir
Wellcome Trust RCD Fellow
Dr Ragnhildur Thora Karadottir is pleased to consider applications from prospective PhD students.
My lab’s interests are neurotransmitter signalling to oligodendrocytes and their progenitor cells, in both health and disease.
Oligodendrocytes produce myelin (in the CNS), which speeds the propagation of the action potential. When the myelin sheath is lost, in diseases like cerebral palsy, spinal cord injury and multiple sclerosis, it causes mental and physical disability. We study how oligodendrocytes respond to neurotransmitters released from axons, both in the normal brain and in pathological conditions.
Oligodendrocyte precursor cells (OPCs) comprise 5% of the cells in the adult brain, where they are the main proliferative cells present. They can generate both neurons and glial cells, making them an important stem cell population in the adult brain. We study how neuronal activity can regulate OPC differentiation, in both the normal brain and pathological conditions.
Spinal cord injury
Electrophysiological recording techniques
Field potential recording
Whole cell patch clamp
David Attwell Web: http://www.ucl.ac.uk/npp/da....
Charles ffrench-Constant Web: http://www.crm.ed.ac.uk/researc...
Lundgaard I, Luzhynskaya A, Stockley JH, Wang Z, Evans KA, Swire M, Volbracht K, Gautier HO, Franklin RJ, Charles Ffrench-Constant, Attwell D, Káradóttir RT (2013), “Neuregulin and BDNF induce a switch to NMDA receptor-dependent myelination by oligodendrocytes.” PLoS Biol 11(12):e1001743 Details
Káradóttir R, Hamilton NB, Bakiri Y, Attwell D (2008), “Spiking and nonspiking classes of oligodendrocyte precursor glia in CNS white matter.” Nat Neurosci 11(4):450-6 Details
Káradóttir R & Attwell D (2006), “Combining patch-clamping of cells in brain slices with immunocytochemical labelling to define cell type and developmental stage” Nature Protocols 1(4):1977-1985 Details
Káradóttir R, Cavalier P, Bergersen LH & Attwell D (2005), “NMDA receptors are expressed in oligodendrocytes and activated in ischaemia” Nature 438:1162-1166
Agathou S, Káradóttir RT, Kazanis I (2013), “Niche derived oligodendrocyte progenitors: a source of rejuvenation or complementation for local oligodendrogenesis?” Front Cell Neurosci 7:188 Details
Spitzer S, Agathou S, Karadottir RT (2013), “Clever glia.” Stem Cell Res Ther 4(4):100 Details
Stacpoole SR, Spitzer S, Bilican B, Compston A, Karadottir R, Chandran S, Franklin RJ (2013), “High yields of oligodendrocyte lineage cells from human embryonic stem cells at physiological oxygen tensions for evaluation of translational biology.” Stem Cell Reports 1(5):437-50 Details
Tailor J, Kittappa R, Leto K, Gates M, Borel M, Paulsen O, Spitzer S, Karadottir RT, Rossi F, Falk A, Smith A (2013), “Stem cells expanded from the human embryonic hindbrain stably retain regional specification and high neurogenic potency.” J Neurosci 33(30):12407-22 Details
Káradóttir RT, Stockley JH (2012), “Deconstructing myelination: it all comes down to size.” Nat Methods 9(9):883-4 Details
Bakiri Y, Káradóttir R, Cossell L, Attwell D (2011), “Morphological and electrical properties of oligodendrocytes in the white matter of the corpus callosum and cerebellum.” J Physiol 589(Pt 3):559-73 Details
Stacpoole SR, Bilican B, Webber DJ, Luzhynskaya A, He XL, Compston A, Karadottir R, Franklin RJ, Chandran S (2011), “Efficient derivation of NPCs, spinal motor neurons and midbrain dopaminergic neurons from hESCs at 3% oxygen.” Nat Protoc 6(8):1229-40 Details
Stacpoole SR, Bilican B, Webber DJ, Luzhynskaya A, He XL, Compston A, Karadottir R, Franklin RJ, Chandran S (2011), “Derivation of neural precursor cells from human ES cells at 3% O(2) is efficient, enhances survival and presents no barrier to regional specification and functional differentiation.” Cell Death Differ 18(6):1016-23 Details
Christ AF, Franze K, Gautier H, Moshayedi P, Fawcett J, Franklin RJ, Karadottir RT, Guck J (2010), “Mechanical difference between white and gray matter in the rat cerebellum measured by scanning force microscopy.” J Biomech 43(15):2986-92 Details
Bakiri Y, Attwell D, Káradóttir R (2009), “Electrical signalling properties of oligodendrocyte precursor cells.” Neuron Glia Biol 5(1-2):3-11 Details
Bakiri Y, Burzomato V, Frugier G, Hamilton NB, Káradóttir R, Attwell D (2009), “Glutamatergic signaling in the brain's white matter.” Neuroscience 158(1):266-74 Details
Kolodziejczyk K, Hamilton NB, Wade A, Káradóttir R, Attwell D (2009), “The effect of N-acetyl-aspartyl-glutamate and N-acetyl-aspartate on white matter oligodendrocytes.” Brain 132(Pt 6):1496-508 Details
Bakiri Y, Hamilton NB, Káradóttir R, Attwell D (2008), “Testing NMDA receptor block as a therapeutic strategy for reducing ischaemic damage to CNS white matter.” Glia 56(2):233-40 Details
Káradóttir R, Attwell D (2007), “Neurotransmitter receptors in the life and death of oligodendrocytes.” Neuroscience 145(4):1426-38 Details
Pattinson D, Baccei M, Karadottir R, Torsney C, Moss A, McCutcheon J, Giese KP, Fitzgerald M (2006), “Aberrant dendritic branching and sensory inputs in the superficial dorsal horn of mice lacking CaMKIIalpha autophosphorylation.” Mol Cell Neurosci 33(1):88-95 Details
Allen NJ, Káradóttir R, Attwell D (2005), “A preferential role for glycolysis in preventing the anoxic depolarization of rat hippocampal area CA1 pyramidal cells.” J Neurosci 25(4):848-59 Details