Dr Matthew Mason

Matthew Mason

University position

University Physiologist

Dr Matthew Mason is pleased to consider applications from prospective PhD students.

Departments

Department of Physiology, Development and Neuroscience

Email

mjm68@hermes.cam.ac.uk

Home page

http://www.pdn.cam.ac.uk/staff/m...

Research Themes

Systems and Computational Neuroscience

Clinical and Veterinary Neuroscience

Interests

I investigate the function and evolution of the middle ear apparatus in vertebrates. Comparative anatomy is backed up with more recent techniques, such as micro-CT and laser interferometry, in order to visualise the middle ear structures and examine their motion. Measurements are incorporated into models of middle ear function, to establish the hearing ranges and sensitivities of the ears, the results being considered in the light of the ecology of the animals. One main focus has been the function of the extraordinarily enlarged ossicles of some subterranean mammals, apparently used for detection of seismic vibrations by a form of inertial bone conduction. Another focus of my research has been the function of the middle ear of amphibians, which I have shown to be considerably more complicated than has previously been realised, and which may also be used for detection of vibrations other than airborne sound waves.

Photomicrograph of the left middle ear apparatus of a tuco-tuco (Ctenomys sociabilis), a subterranean rodent from South America
Photomicrograph of the left middle ear apparatus of a tuco-tuco (Ctenomys sociabilis), a subterranean rodent from South America
View image full-size (1355x1312 pixels)

Research Focus

Keywords

Middle ear

Malleus

Tympanic

Subterranean

Amphibian

Clinical conditions

Hearing and balance deficits

Otosclerosis

Equipment

Computerised tomography

Laser interferometry

Collaborators

Cambridge

Melinda Duer

Sergei Taraskin

United Kingdom

Matthew Farr

International

Brock Fenton

Peter Narins Web: http://www.eeb.ucla.edu/indivfa...

Pim van Dijk

Associated News Items


    Key publications

    Veselka N, McErlain DD, Holdsworth DW, Eger JL, Chhem RK, Mason MJ, Brain KL, Faure PA, Fenton MB (2010), “A bony connection signals laryngeal echolocation in bats.” Nature 463(7283):939-42 Details

    Mason MJ (2006), “Evolution of the middle ear apparatus in Talpid moles.” J Morphol 267(6):678-95 Details

    Mason MJ (2003), “Bone conduction and seismic sensitivity in golden moles (Chrysochloridae). ” J Zool 260: 405-413

    Mason MJ, Narins PM (2002), “Vibrometric studies of the middle ear of the bullfrog Rana catesbeiana I. The extrastapes.” J Exp Biol 205(Pt 20):3153-65 Details

    Mason MJ (2001), “Middle ear structures in fossorial mammals: a comparison with non-fossorial species” Journal of Zoology 255:467-486

    Publications

    2013

    Mason MJ (2013), “Of mice, moles and guinea pigs: functional morphology of the middle ear in living mammals.” Hear Res 301:4-18 Details

    Mason MJ, Farr MR (2013), “Flexibility within the middle ears of vertebrates.” J Laryngol Otol 127(1):2-14 Details

    2012

    Reid DG, Mason MJ, Chan BK, Duer MJ (2012), “Characterization of the phosphatic mineral of the barnacle Ibla cumingi at atomic level by solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance: comparison with other phosphatic biominerals.” J R Soc Interface 9(72):1510-6 Details

    2011

    Lavender D, Taraskin SN, Mason MJ (2011), “Mass distribution and rotational inertia of "microtype" and "freely mobile" middle ear ossicles in rodents.” Hear Res 282(1-2):97-107 Details

    Neary MT, Reid DG, Mason MJ, Friscic T, Duer MJ, Cusack M (2011), “Contrasts between organic participation in apatite biomineralization in brachiopod shell and vertebrate bone identified by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy.” J R Soc Interface 8(55):282-8 Details

    Schwiening CJ, Mason MJ, Thompson M (2011), “Absolute power, not sex, promotes perspiration.” Exp Physiol 96(5):556-8; author reply 559-60 Details

    Van Dijk P, Mason MJ, Schoffelen RL, Narins PM, Meenderink SW (2011), “Mechanics of the frog ear.” Hear Res 273(1-2):46-58 Details

    2010

    Mason MJ, Lai FW, Li JG, Nevo E (2010), “Middle ear structure and bone conduction in Spalax, Eospalax, and Tachyoryctes mole-rats (Rodentia: Spalacidae).” J Morphol 271(4):462-72 Details

    Mason MJ, Willi UB, Narins PM (2010), “Comments on "Tympanic-membrane and malleus-incus-complex co-adaptations for high-frequency hearing in mammals", by Sunil Puria & Charles Steele.” Hear Res 267(1-2):1-3 Details

    Phillips JS, Mason MJ, Dixon H (2010), “Middle ear instrument nomenclature: a taxonomic approach.” BMJ 341:c5137 Details

    2009

    Mason M, Wang M, Narins P (2009), “STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF THE MIDDLE EAR APPARATUS OF THE AQUATIC FROG, XENOPUS LAEVIS.” Proc Inst Acoust 31:13-21 Details

    2008

    Argyle EC, Mason MJ (2008), “Middle ear structures of Octodon degus (Rodentia: Octodontidae), in comparison with those of subterranean caviomorphs” J Mammal 89: 1447-1455

    Farr MRB, Mason MJ (2008), “Middle ear morphology in dormice (Rodentia: Gliridae) ” Mammal Biol 73: 330-334

    Jones SE, Mason MJ, Sunkaraneni VS, Baguley DM (2008), “The effect of auditory stimulation on the tensor tympani in patients following stapedectomy.” Acta Otolaryngol 128(3):250-4 Details

    2007

    Mason MJ (2007), “Massive mallei in moles: middle ear adaptations subserving seismic sensitivity” Proc Inst Acoustics 29: 69-76

    2006

    Lewis ER, Narins PM, Jarvis JU, Bronner G, Mason MJ (2006), “Preliminary evidence for the use of microseismic cues for navigation by the Namib golden mole.” J Acoust Soc Am 119(2):1260-8 Details

    Mason MJ, Lucas SJ, Wise ER, Stein RS, Duer MJ (2006), “Ossicular density in golden moles (Chrysochloridae).” J Comp Physiol A Neuroethol Sens Neural Behav Physiol 192(12):1349-57 Details

    2004

    Mason MJ (2004), “Functional morphology of the middle ear in Chlorotalpa golden moles (Mammalia, Chrysochloridae): predictions from three models.” J Morphol 261(2):162-74 Details

    Mason MJ (2004), “The middle ear apparatus of the tuco-tuco Ctenomys sociabilis (Rodentia: Ctenomyidae)” J Mammal 85: 797-805

    2003

    Mason MJ (2003), “Morphology of the middle ear of golden moles (Chrysochloridae)” Journal of Zoology 260:391-403

    Mason MJ, Lin CC, Narins PM (2003), “Sex differences in the middle ear of the bullfrog (Rana catesbeiana).” Brain Behav Evol 61(2):91-101 Details

    van Dijk P, Narins PM, Mason MJ (2003), “Physiological vulnerability of distortion product otoacoustic emissions from the amphibian ear.” J Acoust Soc Am 114(4 Pt 1):2044-8 Details

    2002

    Mason MJ, Narins PM (2002), “Vibrometric studies of the middle ear of the bullfrog Rana catesbeiana II. The operculum.” J Exp Biol 205(Pt 20):3167-76 Details

    Mason MJ, Narins PM (2002), “Seismic sensitivity in the desert golden mole (Eremitalpa granti): a review.” J Comp Psychol 116(2):158-63 Details

    van Dijk P, Mason MJ, Narins PM (2002), “Distortion product otoacoustic emissions in frogs: correlation with middle and inner ear properties.” Hear Res 173(1-2):100-8 Details

    2001

    Mason MJ, Narins, PM (2001), “Seismic signal use by fossorial mammals” Am Zool 41: 1171-1184