Professor Melissa Hines
Professor Melissa Hines is pleased to consider applications from prospective PhD students.
I study gender development, and am particularly interested in how prenatal influences (e.g., gonadal hormones) interact with postnatal experience to shape brain development and behaviour. My current research programme includes studies of individuals with disorders of sex development (formerly called intersex conditions), as well as healthy individuals for whom we have measures of prenatal hormones. Behavioural outcomes of interest include gender identity, sexual orientation, aggression, empathy, mood, sex-typical interests in childhood (e.g., toy preferences) and adulthood, and clinical syndromes that show sex differences. I also study infants, so that we can identify sex differences as they emerge early in life and examine their relationship to prenatal hormones and postnatal socialiazation. In addition, I am interested in the neural and cognitive mechanisms related to behavioural changes in these areas, as well as in animal models of human behavior.
Gender identity disorder
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
Steroid hormone measurement
Vivette Glover Web: http://www1.imperial.ac.uk/medicin...
Peter Hindmarsh Web: http://www.ich.ucl.ac.uk/gosh/cl...
Mitchell Geffner Web: http://www.childrenshospitalla.org/1651.cfm
Kenneth Zucker Web: http://abigail.psych.utoronto.ca/psych/p...
Pasterski VL, Geffner M, Brain C, Hindmarsh P, Brook C, Hines M (2005), “Prenatal hormones versus postnatal socialization by parents as determinants of male-typical toy play in girls with congenital adrenal hyperplasia” Child Development 76:264-278 Details
Hines M, Brook C, Conway GS (2004), “Androgen and psychosexual development: Core gender identity, sexual orientation and recalled childhood gender role behavior in men and women with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH)” Journal of Sex Research 41:75-81 Details
Hines M, Golombok S, Rust J, Johnston KJ, Golding J, the ALSPAC study team (2002), “Testosterone during pregnancy and gender role behavior of children: A longitudinal population study” Child Development 73:1678-1687
Hines M (2011), “Gender development and the human brain.” Annu Rev Neurosci 34:69-88 Details
Pasterski V, Geffner ME, Brain C, Hindmarsh P, Brook C, Hines M (2011), “Prenatal hormones and childhood sex segregation: playmate and play style preferences in girls with congenital adrenal hyperplasia.” Horm Behav 59(4):549-55 Details
Hines M (2010), “Sex-related variation in human behavior and the brain.” Trends Cogn Sci 14(10):448-56 Details
Jadva V, Hines M, Golombok S (2010), “Infants' preferences for toys, colors, and shapes: sex differences and similarities.” Arch Sex Behav 39(6):1261-73 Details
Auyeung B, Baron-Cohen S, Ashwin E, Knickmeyer R, Taylor K, Hackett G, Hines M (2009), “Fetal testosterone predicts sexually differentiated childhood behavior in girls and in boys.” Psychol Sci 20(2):144-8 Details
Golombok S, Rust J, Zervoulis K, Croudace T, Golding J, Hines M (2008), “Developmental trajectories of sex-typed behavior in boys and girls: a longitudinal general population study of children aged 2.5-8 years.” Child Dev 79(5):1583-93 Details
Pasterski V, Hindmarsh P, Geffner M, Brook C, Brain C, Hines M (2007), “Increased aggression and activity level in 3- to 11-year-old girls with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH).” Horm Behav 52(3):368-74 Details