Dr Kristjan Kalm


My research interests lie broadly in the models and neurobiology of memory and learning. I am particularly interested in the representation and learning of sequential information and I use fMRI and computational modelling to study how human memory systems in the basal ganglia and the medio-temporal lobe participate in these processes.

In addition, I am interested in developing analysis methods to compare neural activity data between different modalities of brain-activity measurement (e.g., fMRI, PET, invasive electrophysiology) and species (humans, monkeys).

Research Focus





basal ganglia

Clinical conditions


Learning disabilities

Parkinson's disease



Behavioural analysis

Computational modelling

Electroencephalography (EEG)

Electrophysiological recording techniques

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)


No collaborators listed

Associated News Items

    Key publications

    Kalm K, Norris D (2015), “Recall is not necessary for verbal sequence learning.” Mem Cognit Details

    Kalm K, Norris D (2014), “The representation of order information in auditory-verbal short-term memory.” J Neurosci 34(20):6879-86 Details

    Kalm K, Davis MH, Norris D (2013), “Individual sequence representations in the medial temporal lobe.” J Cogn Neurosci 25(7):1111-21 Details

    Kalm K, Davis MH, Norris D (2012), “Neural mechanisms underlying the grouping effect in short-term memory.” Hum Brain Mapp 33(7):1634-47 Details