Professor James Fawcett
Head of Department
Professor James Fawcett is pleased to consider applications from prospective PhD students.
http://www.brc.cam.ac.uk/JamesFa... (personal home page)
Axon regeneration in the damaged CNS: Regeneration of axons after CNS damage is blocked by several molecules, partcularly by proteoglycans in the extracellular matrix. We are developing methods to digest proteglycans, inhibit their production, and allow axons to overcome their inhibitory effects using integrin engineering and local protein translation.
Plasticity in the CNS: Plasticity is turned off in adults by extracellular matrix structures called perineuronal nets. We are finding out how these structures affect plasticity, and developing methods to moduate their function so as to improve functional recovery and memory in the adult CNS.
Interfacing the nervous system with electronics: We are developing a microchannel interface prosthesis which allows permanent extracellular recording from regenerated axons. This is being developed for control of bladder function in paralyzed human and veterinary patients, and for controlling prosthetic limbs.
Peripheral nerve injury
Spinal cord injury
Traumatic brain injury
Electrophysiological recording techniques
Nick Donaldson Web: http://www.ucl.ac.uk/medphys...
Stephen McMahon Web: http://www.kcl.ac.uk/bioheal...
Edward Tarte Web: http://www.birmingham.ac.uk/staff/p...
Tommaso Pizzorusso Web: http://www.in.pi.cnr.it/Pizzoru...
Martin Schwab Web: http://www.neuroscience.ethz.ch/researc...
Joost Verhaagen Web: http://www.nin.knaw.nl/researc...
Carulli D, Pizzorusso T, Kwok JC, Putignano E, Poli A, Forostyak S, Andrews MR, Deepa SS, Glant TT, Fawcett JW (2010), “Animals lacking link protein have attenuated perineuronal nets and persistent plasticity.” Brain 133(Pt 8):2331-47 Details
Eva R, Dassie E, Caswell PT, Dick G, ffrench-Constant C, Norman JC, Fawcett JW (2010), “Rab11 and its effector Rab coupling protein contribute to the trafficking of beta 1 integrins during axon growth in adult dorsal root ganglion neurons and PC12 cells.” J Neurosci 30(35):11654-69 Details
Andrews MR, Czvitkovich S, Dassie E, Vogelaar CF, Faissner A, Blits B, Gage FH, ffrench-Constant C, Fawcett JW (2009), “Alpha9 integrin promotes neurite outgrowth on tenascin-C and enhances sensory axon regeneration.” J Neurosci 29(17):5546-57 Details
García-Alías G, Barkhuysen S, Buckle M, Fawcett JW (2009), “Chondroitinase ABC treatment opens a window of opportunity for task-specific rehabilitation.” Nat Neurosci 12(9):1145-51 Details
Galtrey CM, Asher RA, Nothias F, Fawcett JW (2007), “Promoting plasticity in the spinal cord with chondroitinase improves functional recoveryafter peripheral nerve repair” Brain: advanced online publication Details
Bradbury, EJ, Moon LDF, Popat RJ, King VR, Bennett GS, Patel PN, Fawcett JW, McMahon SB (2002), “Chondroitinase ABC promotes axon regeneration and functional recovery following spinal cord injury” Nature 416:636-640
Pizzorusso T, Medini P, Berardi N, Chierzi S, Fawcett JW, Maffei L (2002), “Reactivation of ocular dominance plasticity in the adult visual cortex with chondroitinase ABC” Science 298:1248-1251
Bradke F, Fawcett JW, Spira ME (2012), “Assembly of a new growth cone after axotomy: the precursor to axon regeneration.” Nat Rev Neurosci 13(3):183-93 Details
Delivopoulos E, Chew DJ, Minev IR, Fawcett JW, Lacour SP (2012), “Concurrent recordings of bladder afferents from multiple nerves using a microfabricated PDMS microchannel electrode array.” Lab Chip 12(14):2540-51 Details
Eva R, Crisp S, Marland JR, Norman JC, Kanamarlapudi V, Ffrench-Constant C, Fawcett JW (2012), “ARF6 Directs Axon Transport and Traffic of Integrins and Regulates Axon Growth in Adult DRG Neurons.” J Neurosci 32(30):10352-10364 Details
FitzGerald JJ, Lago N, Benmerah S, Serra J, Watling CP, Cameron RE, Tarte E, Lacour SP, McMahon SB, Fawcett JW (2012), “A regenerative microchannel neural interface for recording from and stimulating peripheral axons in vivo.” J Neural Eng 9(1):016010 Details
García-Alías G, Fawcett JW (2012), “Training and anti-CSPG combination therapy for spinal cord injury.” Exp Neurol 235(1):26-32 Details
Kwok JC, Warren P, Fawcett JW (2012), “Chondroitin sulfate: a key molecule in the brain matrix.” Int J Biochem Cell Biol 44(4):582-6 Details
Tan CL, Andrews MR, Kwok JC, Heintz TG, Gumy LF, Fässler R, Fawcett JW (2012), “Kindlin-1 enhances axon growth on inhibitory chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans and promotes sensory axon regeneration.” J Neurosci 32(21):7325-35 Details
García-Alías G, Petrosyan HA, Schnell L, Horner PJ, Bowers WJ, Mendell LM, Fawcett JW, Arvanian VL (2011), “Chondroitinase ABC combined with neurotrophin NT-3 secretion and NR2D expression promotes axonal plasticity and functional recovery in rats with lateral hemisection of the spinal cord.” J Neurosci 31(49):17788-99 Details
Gumy LF, Yeo GS, Tung YC, Zivraj KH, Willis D, Coppola G, Lam BY, Twiss JL, Holt CE, Fawcett JW (2011), “Transcriptome analysis of embryonic and adult sensory axons reveals changes in mRNA repertoire localization.” RNA 17(1):85-98 Details
Kwok JC, Dick G, Wang D, Fawcett JW (2011), “Extracellular matrix and perineuronal nets in CNS repair.” Dev Neurobiol 71(11):1073-89 Details
Lin R, Rosahl TW, Whiting PJ, Fawcett JW, Kwok JC (2011), “6-Sulphated chondroitins have a positive influence on axonal regeneration.” PLoS One 6(7):e21499 Details
Tan CL, Kwok JC, Patani R, Ffrench-Constant C, Chandran S, Fawcett JW (2011), “Integrin activation promotes axon growth on inhibitory chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans by enhancing integrin signaling.” J Neurosci 31(17):6289-95 Details
Wang D, Ichiyama RM, Zhao R, Andrews MR, Fawcett JW (2011), “Chondroitinase combined with rehabilitation promotes recovery of forelimb function in rats with chronic spinal cord injury.” J Neurosci 31(25):9332-44 Details
Afshari FT, Kwok JC, Andrews MR, Blits B, Martin KR, Faissner A, Ffrench-Constant C, Fawcett JW (2010), “Integrin activation or alpha 9 expression allows retinal pigmented epithelial cell adhesion on Bruch's membrane in wet age-related macular degeneration.” Brain 133(Pt 2):448-64 Details
Afshari FT, Kwok JC, Fawcett JW (2010), “Astrocyte-produced ephrins inhibit schwann cell migration via VAV2 signaling.” J Neurosci 30(12):4246-55 Details
Afshari FT, Kwok JC, White L, Fawcett JW (2010), “Schwann cell migration is integrin-dependent and inhibited by astrocyte-produced aggrecan.” Glia 58(7):857-69 Details
Dobbertin A, Czvitkovich S, Theocharidis U, Garwood J, Andrews MR, Properzi F, Lin R, Fawcett JW, Faissner A (2010), “Analysis of combinatorial variability reveals selective accumulation of the fibronectin type III domains B and D of tenascin-C in injured brain.” Exp Neurol 225(1):60-73 Details
Gumy LF, Tan CL, Fawcett JW (2010), “The role of local protein synthesis and degradation in axon regeneration.” Exp Neurol 223(1):28-37 Details
Hunanyan AS, García-Alías G, Alessi V, Levine JM, Fawcett JW, Mendell LM, Arvanian VL (2010), “Role of chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans in axonal conduction in Mammalian spinal cord.” J Neurosci 30(23):7761-9 Details
Hyatt AJ, Wang D, Kwok JC, Fawcett JW, Martin KR (2010), “Controlled release of chondroitinase ABC from fibrin gel reduces the level of inhibitory glycosaminoglycan chains in lesioned spinal cord.” J Control Release 147(1):24-9 Details
Kwok JC, Carulli D, Fawcett JW (2010), “In vitro modeling of perineuronal nets: hyaluronan synthase and link protein are necessary for their formation and integrity.” J Neurochem 114(5):1447-59 Details
Muir EM, Fyfe I, Gardiner S, Li L, Warren P, Fawcett JW, Keynes RJ, Rogers JH (2010), “Modification of N-glycosylation sites allows secretion of bacterial chondroitinase ABC from mammalian cells.” J Biotechnol 145(2):103-10 Details
Steeves JD, Kramer JK, Fawcett JW, Cragg J, Lammertse DP, Blight AR, Marino RJ, Ditunno JF Jr, Coleman WP, Geisler FH, Guest J, Jones L, Burns S, Schubert M, van Hedel HJ, Curt A (2010), “Extent of spontaneous motor recovery after traumatic cervical sensorimotor complete spinal cord injury.” Spinal Cord Details
Zivraj KH, Tung YC, Piper M, Gumy L, Fawcett JW, Yeo GS, Holt CE (2010), “Subcellular profiling reveals distinct and developmentally regulated repertoire of growth cone mRNAs.” J Neurosci 30(46):15464-78 Details
Afshari FT, Fawcett JW (2009), “Improving RPE adhesion to Bruch's membrane.” Eye (Lond) 23(10):1890-3 Details
Afshari FT, Kappagantula S, Fawcett JW (2009), “Extrinsic and intrinsic factors controlling axonal regeneration after spinal cord injury.” Expert Rev Mol Med 11:e37 Details
Arvanian VL, Schnell L, Lou L, Golshani R, Hunanyan A, Ghosh A, Pearse DD, Robinson JK, Schwab ME, Fawcett JW, Mendell LM (2009), “Chronic spinal hemisection in rats induces a progressive decline in transmission in uninjured fibers to motoneurons.” Exp Neurol 216(2):471-80 Details
Fawcett JW (2009), “Recovery from spinal cord injury: regeneration, plasticity and rehabilitation.” Brain 132(Pt 6):1417-8 Details
Fawcett JW, Curt A (2009), “Damage control in the nervous system: rehabilitation in a plastic environment.” Nat Med 15(7):735-6 Details
FitzGerald JJ, Lacour SP, McMahon SB, Fawcett JW (2009), “Microchannel electrodes for recording and stimulation: in vitro evaluation.” IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 56(5):1524-34 Details
Vogelaar CF, Gervasi NM, Gumy LF, Story DJ, Raha-Chowdhury R, Leung KM, Holt CE, Fawcett JW (2009), “Axonal mRNAs: characterisation and role in the growth and regeneration of dorsal root ganglion axons and growth cones.” Mol Cell Neurosci 42(2):102-15 Details
Zhao JW, Raha-Chowdhury R, Fawcett JW, Watts C (2009), “Astrocytes and oligodendrocytes can be generated from NG2+ progenitors after acute brain injury: intracellular localization of oligodendrocyte transcription factor 2 is associated with their fate choice.” Eur J Neurosci 29(9):1853-69 Details
Fawcett JW (2008), “Bridging spinal cord injuries.” J Biol 7(7):25 Details
FitzGerald JJ, Lacour SP, Fawcett JW (2008), “Recording with microchannel electrodes in a noisy environment.” Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2008:34-7 Details
Gervasi NM, Kwok JC, Fawcett JW (2008), “Role of extracellular factors in axon regeneration in the CNS: implications for therapy.” Regen Med 3(6):907-23 Details
Hampton DW, Anderson J, Pryce G, Irvine KA, Giovannoni G, Fawcett JW, Compston A, Franklin RJ, Baker D, Chandran S (2008), “An experimental model of secondary progressive multiple sclerosis that shows regional variation in gliosis, remyelination, axonal and neuronal loss.” J Neuroimmunol 201-202:200-11 Details
Kwok JC, Afshari F, García-Alías G, Fawcett JW (2008), “Proteoglycans in the central nervous system: plasticity, regeneration and their stimulation with chondroitinase ABC.” Restor Neurol Neurosci 26(2-3):131-45 Details
Verma P, Garcia-Alias G, Fawcett JW (2008), “Spinal cord repair: bridging the divide.” Neurorehabil Neural Repair 22(5):429-37 Details
Carulli D, Rhodes KE, Fawcett JW (2007), “Upregulation of aggrecan, link protein 1, and hyaluronan synthases during formation of perineuronal nets in the rat cerebellum.” J Comp Neurol 501(1):83-94 Details